M O D E R N    S C I E N C E   -  18TH  -  20TH - C E N T U R I E S
Selected Bibliography - Historiographic - Robert A. Hatch - University of Florida

 
Introductory, Institutional & Intellectual Histories

Armytage, W.H.G. A Social History of Engineering

Ashton, T.S. The Industrial Revolution, 1760-1830

Becker, Carl. The Heavenly City of the Eighteenth-Century Philosophers. New Haven: Hale University Press, 1932. 

Beer, G. de. 'The Relations Between Fellows of the Royal Society and French Men of Science When France and Britain Were At War.' Notes and Records of The Royal Society of London. 9 (1952): 244-99. 

Beer, G.R. De. 'Voltaire, F.R.S. Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 8 (1951): 247-52. 

Berlin, Isaish, ed. The Age of Enlightenment. Mentor Books, 1956. 

Besterman, T. ed. Voltaire's Correspondence. 107 vols. Geneva. 

Bolton, H.C. The Lunar Society. Trans. Birmingham and Midlands Institute, Archeological Section, 1889. 79-94. 

Bredvold, Louis, I. The Brave New World of the Enlightenment. University of Michigan Press, 1961. 

Brehier, Emile. The Eighteenth Century. University of Chicago Press, 1967 (1930). 

Bronowski, J. and Bruce Mazlish. The Western Intellectual Tradition. Harper, 1960. 

Brunet, P. L'Introduction des Theories de Newton en France au xviiie Siecle. Paris: 1931. 

Bryson, G. Man and Society: The Scottish Inquiry of the 18th Century

Bury, J.B. The Idea of Progress

Cardwell, D.S.L. Turning Points in Western Technology

Cassirer, Ernst. The Philosophy of the Enlightenment. Beacon Press, 1955 (1951). 

Clark, G.N. Science and Social Welfare in the Age of Newton. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1937. 

Cobban, A. In Search of Humanity: The Role of the Enlightenment in Modern History. 1960. 

Craig, J. Newton at the Mint. Cambridge, 1946. 

Crocker, L.G. An Age of Crisis. JHU Press, 1959. 

Davis, V.D. A History of Manchester College. London: 1932. 

D'Irsay, S. Histories de Universites. 2 vols. Paris: 1933-35. 

Freud, Sigmund. Collected Papers. 5 vols. 

-----. The Complete Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis

Gay, Peter. The Enlightenment: An Interpretation. New York: 1966. 

Hampson, Norman. The Enlightenment. Pelican, 1968. 

Harpe, J. de la. 'Le Journal des Savants et l'Angleterre, 1702-1789.' University of California publications in modern philology 20 (1937-41): 289-520. 

Havens, George R. The Age of Ideas. Collier Books, 1962 (1955). 

Hazard, P. The European Mind (1680-1715). Trans. J.L. May. London: 1953. 

Hazard, P. European Thought in the Eighteenth Century. Pelican, 1965. 

Hobsbawm, E.J. The Age of Revolution. 1789-1848. Cleveland: 1962. (Especially the chapter on 'Science,' for 18th century interactions of science and technology). 

Hochdoerfer, Margarete. The Conflict Between the Religious and the Scientific Views of Albrecht von Haller (1708-1777). Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Studies in Language, Literature, and Criticism, no. 12, 1932. 

Hughes, A. 'Science in English Encyclopedias (1704-1875). Annals of Science (1951-55): 7:340-70; 8:323-67; 9:233-64; 11:74-92. 

Hurlbutt, Robert H. Hume, Newton, and the Design Argument

Jones, Ernest. The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud. 3 vols. 

Kiernan, C. 'Science and the Enlightenment in Eighteenth-Century France.' Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century 59 (1968). 

Kitson-Clark, G. The Makings of Victorian England

Kline, Morris. Mathematics and the Physical World. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell, 1959. 

Kranzberg, M. and C.W. Pursell, Jr. Technology in Western Civilization. 2 vols. London: 1967. 

Kuhn, Thomas S. The Struture of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: 1962. 2d ed. 1970. 

McLachlan, H. English Education Under the Test Acts; Being the History of the Nonconformist Academies, 1662-1820. Manchester: 1931. 

Manuel, Frank E., ed. The Enlightenment. Prentice-Hall, 1965. 

Mesmer, Franz. Mesmerism, by Dr. Mesmer, (1779). Being the first translation of Mesmer's historic Memoire sur la decouverte du magnetisme animal to apper in English. Intro. Gilbert Frankau. London: Macdonald, 1948. 

Millic, Louis T. 'The Modernity of the Eighteenth Century (Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture, Volume I). Cleveland: Press of Case Western Reserve, 1971. Rev. Isis 64 (1973): 264-5. 

Morgan, B.T. Histoire du 'Journal des Savants.' Paris: 1929. 

Price, Derek. Big Science, Little Science. (P). 

Randall, John Herman. The Making of the Modern Mind. Houghton Mifflin, 1940. 

Schneider, Idisor, ed. The Enlightenment. George Braziller, 1965. 

Schofield, R.E. The Lunar Society of Birmingham. A social history of provincial science and industry in eighteenth-century England. Oxford, 1963. 

Singer, C., E.J. Holmyard, A.R. Hall and T.I. Williams, eds. A History of Technology. 5 vols. Oxford 1954-58. 

Smith, Preserved. 'The Enlightenment, 1687-1776.' A History of Modern Culture, vol II. New York: Collier Books, 1962. (First published 1934). 

Stanton, W. The Leopard's Spots: Scientific Attitudes Toward Race in America, 1818-59

Stephen, L. History of English Thought in the Eighteenth Century. 2 vols. London: 1876. New York: 1962. 

Thomson, Thomas. History Of The Royal Society From Its Institution To The End Of The Eighteenth Century. London: 1812. (Printed for Robert Baldwin). 

Thorndike, Lynn. 'L'encyclopedia and the History of Science.' Isis 6 (1924): 361-86. 

Vereker, Charles. Eighteenth Century Optimism. Liverpool: 1967. 

Wade, Ira O. Intellectual Origins of the French Enlightenment. Princeton UP. 

Wager, W. Warren. 'Modern Views of the Origins of the Idea of Progress.' Journal of the History of Ideas 28 (1967): 55-70. 

Weld, Charles Richard. A History of the Royal Society, With Memoirs of the Presidents. Compiled from authentic documents. 2 vols. London: John W. Parker, 1848. 

Willey, Basil. The Eighteenth Century Background. Studies on the Idea of Nature in the Thought of the Period. New York: Columbia UP; London: Chatto and Windus, 1941. 

Windelband, Wilhem. A History of Philosophy: Renaissance, Enlightenment and Modern. Vol. II. Trans. James H. Tufts. Harper Torchbooks. New York: Harper and Brothers Publishers, 1958. 

Wordsworth, Christopher. Scholae Academicae: Some Account of the Studies at English Universities in the Eighteenth Century. Cambridge UP, 1877. 

Zilboorg, G. A History of Medical Psychology

Zilsel, Edgar. 'The Genesis of the Idea of Scientific Progress.' Journal of the History of Ideas 6 (1945): 325-49. 



The Physical Sciences, 18th-20th Centuries 

Abro, A.D'. The Evolution of Scientific Thought. From Newton to Einstein. Second edition, revised and enlarged. New York: Dover Publications, 1950. 

Adams, C. Raymond. 'Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford.' Scientific Monthly 17 (1950): 380-86. 

Albrecht, Gustav. Geschichte der Elektricitat mit Berucksichtigung ihrer Anwendungen. Wien, Pest, Leipzig: A. Hartleben's Verlag, 1885. 

Alexander, H.G., ed. Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence. Manchester University Press, 1956. 

Anderson, David L. The Discovery of the Electron. Princeton, 1964. 

Andrade, E.N. da C. An Approach to Modern Physics. New York: Anchor Book, Doubleday & Co., Inc., 1957. 

-----. Rutherford and the Nature of the Atom. New York: Anchor, Doubleday, 1964. 

Armitage, Angus. William Herschel. London: Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd., 1962. 

Atkinson, A.D. 'William Derham, F.R.S. (1657-1735).' Annals of Science 8 (1952): 368-92. 

Barnett, Lincoln. 'The Universe and Dr. Einstein.' New York: Mentor Book, The New American Library, 1952. 

Bates, Ralph S. Scientific Societies in the United States. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1945. (A publication of the Technology Press Mannachusetts Institute of Technology.) 

Berry, A.J. Henry Cavendish: His Life and Scientific Work. London: Hutchinson, 1960. 

Birkhoff, George David. 'Electricity as a Fluid.' Journal of the Franklin Institute 226 (1938): 315-25. 

Birks, J.B., ed. Rutherford at Manchester. New York: W.A. Benjamin Inc., 1963. 

Black, Joseph. Lectures on the Elements of Chemistry. 2 vols. Pub. John Robison. London: Edinburgh, Mundell and Son, for Longman and Rees; Edinburgh: William Creech, 1803. 

Brunet, Pierre. 'L'introduction des theories de Newton en France au XVIIIe siecle.' Avant I (1738). Paris: Librairie Scientifique Albert Blanchard, 1931. 

Bohr, Niels. Atomic Theory and the Description of Nature. London: Cambridge UP, 1961. 

-----. Essays 1958/1962 on Atomic Physics and Human Knowledge. New York: Interscience Publishers, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1963. 

Boorse, Henry A. and Lloyd Motz, eds. The World of the Atom, vols. I & II. New York: 1966. 

Bordeaux, Albert. Histoire des sciences physiques, chimiques, et geologiques au XIXe siecle. Paris, Liege, Librarie Polytechnique Ch. Beranger. 

Born, Max. Experiment and Theory in Physics. New York: Dover Publications, 1956. 

-----. Physics in My Generation. London: Pergamon Press, Inc., 1956. 

Boyer, Carl B. The Concepts of Calculus. A critical and historical discussion of the derivative and the intergral. New York: Columbia UP, 1939. 

Brewster, Sir David. The Life of Sir Isaac Newton. London: John Murray. Reprinted New York: Harper & Bros., 1839. 

Brock, William H. 'Essay-Review of Ferenc Szabadvary's History of Analytical Chemistry.' History of Science 6 (1967): 156-69. 

Broglie, Louis de. Physics and Microphysics. New York: Harper & Bros., 1960. 

Brown, Sanborn C. 'The Discovery of Convection Currents by Benjamin Thompson, Count of Rumford.' American Journal of Physics 15 (1947): 273-74. 

-----. 'Count Rumford and the Caloric Theory of Heat.' Proceeds of the American Philosophical Society 93. 316-325. 
 

Brunet, Pierre. Maupertuis. 2 v. 1: Etude biographique; 2: L'oeuvre et sa place dans la pensee cientifique et philosophique du XVIIIe siecle. Paris: Librairie Scientifique Albert Blanchard, 1929. 

-----. Les physiciens Hollandais et la methode experimental en France au XVIIIe siecle. Paris: Librairie Scientifique Albert Blanchard. 

Brush, S.G. 'The Nature of Gases and of Heat.' Kinetic Theory Vol. I. Oxford: 1965. 

Buffon, Georges-Louis LeClerc. Correspondance inédite de Buffon, a laquelle ont été réunies les lettres publiées jusqu'à ce jour, recueillie et annotée par Henri Nadault de Buffon. 2 vols. Paris: Librairie de L. Hachette et Cie, 1860. 

Burchfield, Joseph D. Lord Kelvin and the Age of the Earth

Burke, John G. Origins of the Science of Crystals. University of California Press, 1966. 

Burnet, Pierre. L'introduction des theories de Newton en France au XVIIIe siecle, I. Avant 1738. Paris, Librairie Scientifique Albert Blanchard. 

Bordeaux, Albert. Histoire des sciences physiques, chimiques, et geologiques au XIXe siecle. Paris, Liege, Librarie Polytechnique Ch Beranger. 

Born, Max. Experiment and Theory in Physics. New York: Dover Publications, 1956. 

------. Physics in My Generation. London: Pergamon Press, Inc., 1956. 

-----. The Restless Universe. New York: Dover Publications, 1951. 

Boyer, Carl. B. The Concepts of Calculus. A critical and historical discussion of the derivative and the intergral. New York: Columbia UP, 1939. 

Brewster, Sir David. The Life of Sir Isaac Newton. London: John Murray. Reprinted, New York: Harper & Bros., 1839. 

Brock, William H. 'Essay-Review of Ferenc Szabadvary's History of Analytical Chemistry.' History of Science 6 (1967): 156-169. 

Broglie, Louis de. Physics and Microphysics. New York: Harper Torchbooks, Harper & Bros., 1960. 

Brown, Sanborn C. 'The Discovery of Convection Currents by Benjamin Thompson, Count of Rumford.' American Journal of Physics 15 (1947): 273-74. 

-----. 'Count Rumford and the Caloric Theory of Heat.' Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 93. 316-25. 

Brunet, Pierre. Maupertuis. 2 v. 1: Etude biographique 2: L'oeuvre et sa place dans la pensee scientifique et philosophique du XVIIIe siecle. Paris: Librairie Scientifique Albert Blanchard, 1929. 

-----. Les physiciens Hollandais et la methode experimentale en France au XVIIIe siecle. Paris: Labrairie Scientifique Albert Blanchard. 

Brush, S.G. 'The Nature of Gases and of Heat.' Kinetic Theory Vol. I. Oxford: 1965. 

Buffon, Georges-Louis LeClerc. Correspondance inedite de Buffon, a laquelle ont ete reunies les lettres publiees jusqu'a ce jour, recueillie et annotee par Henri Nadault de Buffon. 2 vols. Paris: Librairie de L. Hachette et Cie, 1860. 

Burchfield, Joseph D. Lord Kelvin and the Age of the Earth

Burke, John G. Origins of the Science of Crystals. University of California Press, 1966. 

Burnet, Pierre. L'introduction des theories de Newton en France au XVIIIe siecle, I. Avant 1738. Paris: Librairie Scientifique Albert Blanchard. 

-----. Les origines du paratonnerre (discussions et realisations). Revue d'Histoire des Sciences et de leurs Applications I (1948): 213-253. 

-----. Les premieres recherches experimentales sur la foudre et l'electricite atmospherique. Lychnos, 1946-47. 117-148. 

------. 'L'oeuvre scientifique de Charles François du Fay (1698-1739).' Petrus Nonius 3 (1940): 77-95. 

Burton, W. An Account of the Life and Writings of Herman Boerhaave. 2d ed. 2 vols. London: 1946. 

Cajori, Florian, A History of Physics. 1929;pb. New York: 1962. 

Campbell, W.A. and C.E. Mallen. 'The development of qualitative analysis from 1750 to 1850.' Part I. Proceedings of the University of Durham Philosophical Society, xiiiA (1957-63); Part II, idem 'Mineral water analysis.' (1960): 168-173. 

Cardwell, D.S.L. From Watt to Clausius. Ithaca: 1971. 

-----. Ed. (1968). John Dalton and the Progress of Science. Manchester. 

Cardid, G. and J. Nordstrom. Torbern Begman's Foreign Correspondence. Vol 1. Stockholm: 1965. 

Carnot, Sadi. Reflections on the Motive Power of Fire. Ed. E. Mendoza. New York: 1960. 

Cassirer, Earnest. 'Newton and Leibniz> Galileo and the Scientific Revolution.' Philos. Rev. 52 (1943): 366-91. 

Cavendish, H. The scientific papers of the Hounourable Henry Cavendish...edited from the published papers, and the Cavendish manuscripts. 2 vols. Cambridge: 1921. (Vol. 1 edited by J. Clerk Maxwell; Vol 2 edited by E. Thorpe.) 

Chipman, Robert A. 'An Unpublished Letter of Stephen Gray on Electrical Experiments, 1707-1708.' Isis 45 (1954): 33-40. 

Cline, Barbara L. The Questioners: Physicists and the Quantum Theory. New York: 1965. (Also published as Men Who Made a New Physics. New York: 1969.) 

Clark-Kennedy, A.E. Stephen Hales, D.D., F.R.S. An Eighteenth-Century Biography. Cambridge. 

Cochrane, Rexmond D. 'Francis Bacon and the Rise of the Mechanical Arts in Eighteenth-Century England.' Annals of Science 12 (1956-57): 137-56. 

Cohen, I.B. Franklin and Newton. An inquiry into speculative Newtonian experimental science and Franklin's work in electricity as an example thereof. Philadelphia, PA. 

-----, and R. Taton. Eds. Mélanges Alexandre Koyré. 2 vols. Paris: 1964. 

Conn, G.K.T. and H.D. Turner. The Evolution of the Nuclear Atom. London: 1965. 

Cornell, E.S. 'Early Studies in Radiant Heat.' Annals of Science 1 (1936): 217-225. 

-----. 'The radiant heat spectrum from Herschel to Melloni --I. The work of Herschel and his contemporaries; II. The work of Melloni and his contemporaries.' Annals of Science 3 (1938): 119-37, 402-16. 

Corrigan, J. Frederick. 'Stephen Gray (1696-1736), an early electrical experimenter. Science Progress 19 (1924): 102-14. 

Crosland, M.P. 'The Development of Chemistry in the Eighteenth Century.' Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century 24 (1963): 369-441. 

Crosland, M.P. 'Historical Studies in the Language of Chemistry.' Harvard UP, 1962. 

Crowther, J.G. British Scientists of the Nineteenth Century. London: 1935. 

------. British Scientists of the Twentieth Century. Routledge & Kegan Paul, Ltd. London: 1952. 

Daumas, Maurice. Les instruments scientifiques aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siecles. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. 

Davis, Nuel P. Lawrence and Oppenheimer. New York: 1968. 

Davis, Tenney L. 'Vicissitudes of Boerhaave's Textbook of Chemistry.' Isis 10 (1928): 33-46. 

Davy, H. The Collected Works of Sir Humphrey Davy...edited by his brother. 9 vols. London: 1839-40. 

Dieckmann, Herbert, and I. Bernard Cohen. 'The first edition of Diderot's Pensees sur l'interpretation de la nature.' A note concerning Diderot and Franklin. Isis 46 (1955): 251-72. 

Dugas, René. Histoire de la mécanique. Preface de Luis de Broglie. Neuchatel, Editions du Griffon. (Bibliothèque Scientifique, 16: Philsophie et Histoire), 1950. 

Duncan, A.M. 'The Functions of Affinity Tables and Lavoisier's List of Elements.' Ambix 17 (1970): 28-42. 

-----. 'William Keir's De Attractione Chemica (1778) and the concepts of chemical saturation, attraction and repulsion.' Annals of Science 23 (1967): 149-73. 

-----. 'Some Theoretical Aspects of Eighteenth Century Tables of Affinity, Part I.' Annals of Science 18 (1962): 177-94. 

Einstein, Albert. 'Autobiographical Notes.' Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist. Vol. 1. Ed Paul Arthur Schilpp. New York: Harper Torchbooks, Harper & Brothers, 1959. 

-----. Ideas and Opinions. New York: Crown Publishers, 1954. 

-----, and Leopold Infeld. The Evolution of Physics. New York: Essandess Paperback, Simon and Schuster, 1961. 

Eklund, Jon Bledge. Chemical Analysis and the Phlogiston Theory 1738-1772: Prelude to Revolution. Ph.D. Diss. Yale University, 1971. 

Elkana, Yehuda. 'Newtonianism in the Eighteenth Century.' Brit. J. Hist Sci. 22 (1971). 

Ellis, George E. Memoir of Sir Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford, with notices of his daughter. Published in connection with an edition of Rumford's complete works by the american Academy of Arts and Sciences. Boston: American Academy Arts and Sciences, 1871. 

Eve, A.S. Rutherford. Being the life and letters of the Rt Hon. Lord Rutherford, O.M. With a foreword by Earl Baldwin. New York: Macmillan; Cambridge UP, 1939. 

Faraday, Michael. Experimental researches in electricity. 3 vols. London: [1 & 2] Richard and John Edward Taylor; [3] Richard Taylor and William Francis 1838, 1844, 1855. 

-----. The Letters of Faraday and Schoenbein, 1836-1862. With notes, comments, and references to comtemporary letters. Ed. by Georg W. A. Kahlbaum and Francis V. Darbishire. London: Williams & Norgate; Bale: Benno Schwabe, 1899. 

Farber, Eduard. The Evolution of Chemistry. A History of its ideas, methods and materials. New York: Ronald Press, 1952. 

Fermi, Laura. Atoms in the Family: My Life with Enrico Fermi. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1954. 

Fichman, Martin. 'French Stahlism and Chemical Studies of Air, 1750-1770.' Ambix 18 (1971): 94-122. 

Forbes, Eric G. The Euler-Mayer Correspondence (1751-1755): A New Perspective on Eighteenth Century Advances in Lunar Theory. New York and London: 1971/1972. 

Fox, Robert. The Caloric Theory of Gases: From Lavoisier to Regnault. Oxford UP, 1971. 

Frank, Philipp. Einstein: His Life and Times. New York: Alfred A Knopf, Inc., 1947. 

Gamow, George. Biography of Physics. 1961;pb. New York: 1964. 

Geoffrey, E.F. 'Table des Differents Rapports Observes en Chimie Entre Differentes Substances.' Mem. Acad. R. Sci. (1917-18): 202-212. 

Gingerrich, Owen. 'The Satellites of Mars: Prediction and Discovery.' J. Hist Astron. 1 (1970): 109-15. 

Gladstone, J.H. Michael Faraday. London: Macmillan, 1872. 

Goudsmit, Samual A. Alsos. New York: Henry Schuman, 1947. 

Gough, J.B. 'Lavoisier's Early Career in Science.' An examination of some new evidence. Br. Jnl. Hist. Sci. 4 (1968): 52-57. 

Greenberg, Daniel S. The Politics of Pure Science

Greenaway, Frank. Dalton and the Atom

Gregory, David. David Gregory, Isaac Newton and their circle. Extracts from David Gregory's memoranda, 1677-1708. Ed. W.G. Hiscock. Oxford: printed for the editor, 1937. 

Gregory, J.C. A Short History of Atomism from Democritus to Bohr. London: 1931. 

Guerlac, H. Lavoisier -- The Crucial Year. Ithaca, New York: Cornell UP, 1961. 

-----. 'Newton's Changing Reputation in the Eighteenth Century.' Ed. Raymond O. Rockwood. Carl Becker's Heavenly City Revisited. Ithaca, New York: Cornell UP, 1958. 

-----. 'While the Statue Stood: Divergent Loyalties to Newton in the eighteenth Century.' Aspects of the Eighteenth Century. Ed. Earl R. Wasserman. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1965. 

Hahn, R. Laplace as a Newtonian Scientist. Los Angeles: Wm. Andrews Clark Memorial Library Publications, 1967. 

Hall, A.R. 'Cartesian Dynamics.' Arch Hist Exact Sci. 1 (1960): 172-78. 

Hall, A. R. and Marie Boas Hall. Unpublished Scientific Papers of Isaac Newton. A selection from the Portsmouth Collection in the University Library. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1962. 

Hankins, Thomas. 'Eighteenth Century Attempts to Resolve the Vis Viva Controversy.' Isis 56 (1965): 281-97. 

-----. 'The Influence of Malebranche on the Science of Mechanics during the Eighteenth Century.' J. Hist. Ideas 28 (1967): 193 210. 

-----. Jean D'Alembert: Science and the Enlightenment. Oxford UP, 1970. 

-----. 'The Reception of Newton's Second Law of Motion in the Eighteenth Century.' Archs. Int. Hist. Sci. 20 (1967): 43-65. 

Hartog, Sir Philip J. 'The Newer Views of Priestly and Lavoisier.' Annals of Science 5 (1941): 1-56. 

Heimann (Harman), P.M. and J.E. McGuire. 'Newtonian Forces and Lockean Powers: Concepts of Matter in Eighteenth-Century Thought.' Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences 3 (1971): 233-306. 

Heisenberg, Werner. Physics and PHilsophy: The Revolution in Modern Science. New York: Harper Torchbooks, Harper & Bros., 1962. 

Hermann, Armin. The Genesis of the Quantum Theory (1899-1913). Cambridge, MA: 1971. 

Hesse, Mary B. Forces and Fields. The Concept of Action at a Distance in the History of Physics. London: Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd., 1961. 

Hiebert, Erwin N. Historical Roots of the Conservation of Energy. State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1962. 

Hoffmann, Banesh. Albert Einstein: Creator and Rebel. New York: 1972. 

-----. The Strange Story of the Quantum. New York: Dover Publications, 1959. 

Holden, Edward S. Sir William Herschel, His Life and Works. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1881. 

Holmes, Frederic L. 'From elective Affinities to Chemical Equilibria: Berthollet's Law of Mass Action.' Chymia 8 (1962): 105-45. 

Holton, Gerald James and Duane H.D. Roller. Foundations of Modern Physical Science. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., Inc., 1958. 

Hooykaas, R. 'The Concept of `Individual' and `Species' in Chemistry.' Centaurus 5 (1958): 307-22. 

Hoskin, Michael A. William Herschel. Pioneer of Sidereal Astronomy. New York: Sheed and Ward, 1959. 

-----. William Herschel and the Construction of the Heavens. London: Oldbourne Press, 1963. 

Ihde, A.J. The Development of Modern Chemistry. London: 1964. 

Iltis, Carolyn. 'D'Alembert and the Vis Viva Controversy.' Stud. Hist. Phil. Sci. 1 (1970): 115-24. 

-----. 'Leibniz and the Vis Viva Controversy.' Isis 62 (1971): 21-35. 

Infeld, Leopold. Quest: The Evolution of a Scientist. New York: Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1941. 

Jacob, M.C. 'Early Newtonianism.' History of Science 12 (1974): 142-46. 

Jammer, M. Concepts of Force: A Study in the Foundations of Dynamics. Cambridge, MA: 1957. 

-----. Concepts of Mass in Classical and Modern Physics. Cambridge, MA: 1961. 

Jammer, Max. The Conceptual Development of Quantum Mechanics. New York: 1966. 

Jones, Bence. The Life and Letters of Faraday. 2 vols. London: Longmans, Green, 1870. 

Jones, Sir Harold Spencer. 'John Couch Adams and the Discovery of Neptune.' World of Mathematics Vol II. 820-839. 

Jungk, Robert. Brighter Than A Thousand Suns: A Personal History of the Atomic Scientists. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co., 1958. 

Kapoor, S.C. 'Berthollet, Proust, and Proportions.' Chymia 10 (1965): 53-110. 

Kargon, Robert H. 'The Decline of the Caloric Theory of Heat: A Case Study.' Centaurus 10 (1964): 35-39. 

-----. Atomism in England from Hariot to Newton. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1966. 

-----. 'W.R. Hamilton and Boscovichean Atomism.' Jnl. Hist Ideas 26 (1965): 137-40. 

-----Kerker, Milton. 'Herman Boerhaave and the Development of Pneumatic Chemistry.' Isis 46 (1955): 36-49. 

Klein, Martin J. Paul Ehrenfest: Vol. I, The Making of a Theoretical Physicist. Amsterdam: 1970. 

-----. 'Planck, Entropy, and Quanta, 1901-1906.' The Natural Philosopher Vol. 1; 'Einstein's First Paper on Quanta.' The Natural Philosopher Vol. 2; Einstein and the Wave-Particle Duality.' The Natural Philosopher Vol. 3. New York: Blaisdell Publishing Co., Ginn and Co., 1963 and 1964. 

Kohler, Robert E., Jr. 'The Origin of Laviosier's First Experiments on Combustion.' Isis 63 (1972): 349-55. 

Kramers, H.A. and Helge Holst. The Atom and the Bohr Theory of Its Structure. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1926. 

Kuhn, Thomas S. 'The Caloric Theory of Adiabatic Compression.' Isis 49 (1958): 132-40. 

-----. 'Energy Conservation as an Example of Simultaneous Discovery.' 

Lang, Daniel. From Hiroshima to the Moon. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1959. 

Laplace, P.S. Oeuvres completes de Laplace... 14 vols. Paris: 1878-1912. 

Lauden, L.L. 'The Vis Viva Controversy, a Post-Mortem.' Isis 59 (1968): 131-43. 

Lavoisier, Antoine. Oeuvres de Lavoisier. Publiees par les soins de son excellence le ministre de l'instruction publique et des cultes. Tome 2, Memoires de chimie et de physique. Paris, Imprimerie Imperiale, 1862. 

LeGrand, H.E. 'A Note on Fixed Air: The Universal Acid.' Ambix 20 (1973): 88-94. 

Lepsius, B. Deutschlands Chemische Industrie, 1888-1913. Berlin: 1914. 

Lilley, S. 'Attitudes to the Nature of Heat About the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century.' Archives Internationales d'Histoire des Sciences 27 (1947-48): 630-39. 

Lovejoy, Arthur O. Essays in the History of Ideas. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1948. 

Mach, E. The Science of Mechanics. A critical and historical account of its development. Trans. J. McCormack. 3rd ed. Chicago: 1907. 

McKie, Douglas. Antoine Lavoisier: The Father of Modern Chemistry. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1936. 

McKie, D. and J.R. Partington. 'Historical Studies on the Phlogiston Theory.' Annals of Science 2, 361-404; 3, 1-58, 337-71; 4, 113-149. 

McKie, Douglas and Niels H. De V. Heathcote. The Discovery of Specific and Latent Heats. Foreword E.N. da C. Andrade. London: Edward Arnold, 1935. 

McMullin, Ernan, ed. The Concept of Matter. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1963. 

Magie, William Francis, ed. A Source Book in Physics. Cambridge, MA: 1935. 

Magnus, Rudolf. Goethe, as a Scientist

Maindron, Ernest. L'Academie des Sciences: Histoire de l'Academie--fondation de l'Institut National: Bonaparte membre de l'Institut National. Paris, Ancienne Librairie Germer Bailliere, Felix Alcan, Editeur. 1888. 

March, Arthur and Ira M. Freeman. The New World of Physics. New York: Vintage, Random House, Inc., 1962. 

Marat, Jean Paul. Recherches physicques sur l'electricite. Paris, de l'imprimerie de Clousier....(1782). 

Marsak, Leonhard, ed. The Achievements of Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle. Johnson Reprint Corp., 1970. 

-----. 'Bernard de Fontenelle: The Idea of Science in the French Enlightenment.' Transactions of the American Philosophical Society. 49 (1959): I. 

Maupertuis, P.L.M. de. 'Sur les Loix de l'Attraction.' Mem. Adad. R. Sci. (1735): 343-362. 

Mendelsohn, Everett. Heat and Life, The Development of the Theory of Animal Heat. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1964. 

Mendelsohn, K.A.G. 'Max Planck.' A Physics Anthology. Ed. Norman Clarke. New York: Reinhold Publishing Co., 1960. 

Merz, John Theodore. History of European Thought in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Dover Publications, 1965. (Reprint of 1904-12 edition.) 

Metzger, Helene. Attraction Universelle et Religion Naturelle chez Quelques Commentateurs Anglais de Newton. Paris: Hermann & Cie, 1938. 

-----. Newton, Stahl. Boerhaave et la Doctrine Chimique. Paris: F. Alcan, 1930. 

Morley, John. Diderot and the Encyclopaedists. 2 vols. London: Macmillan, 1886. 

Mornet, D. Les Sciences de la Nature en France, au XVIIIe Siecle. Paris: 1911. 

Morris, R.J. 'Lavoisier and the Caloric Theory.' Brit. Jour. Hist. Sci. 6 (1972): 1-38. 

Nash, Leonard K. The Atomic-Molecular Theory

Neave, E.W.J. 'Joseph Black's Lectures on the Elements of Chemistry.' Isis 25 (1936): 372-90. 

Needham, Joseph. A History of Embryology. Cambridge UP, 1934. 

Nemenyi, D.F. 'The Main Concepts and Ieas of Fluid Dynamics and their Historical Development.' Arch. Hist. Exact. Sci. 2 (1962): 52-86. 

Newell, Lyman C. 'Count Rumford -- Scientist and Philanthropist.' Science 68 (1928): 67-73. 

Nielsen, J. Rud and others. 'Reminiscences of Niels Bohr by some who knew him.' Physics Today (October, 1963). 

Nieto, Michael Martin. The Titius-Bode Law of Planetary Distances. 1973. 

Olby, Robert C. Origins of Mendelism

Oldroyd, David. 'An Examination of G.E. Stahl's Philosophical Principles of Universal Chemistry.' Ambix 20 (1973): 36-52. 

Olmsted, J.M.D. Claude Bernard, Physiologist. New York and London: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1938. 

Oppenheimer, J. Robert. Science and the Common Understanding. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1954. 

Parker, Irene. 'Seventeenth-Century Chemistry, the Phlogiston Theory and Dalton's Atomic Theory.' Nature 174 (1954): 291ff. 

Partington, James R. 'The Origins of the Atomic Theory.' Annals of Science 4 (1939): 245-82. 

Pearson, Hesketh. Doctor Darwin. A Biography of Erasmus Darwin

Pemberton, H. A View of Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophy. London: 1728. 

Perrin, C.E. 'Lavoisier's Table of the Elements: A Reappraisal.' Ambix 20 (1973): 95-105. 

Petersen, Aage. 'The Philosophy of Niels Bohr.' Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (September, 1963). 

Physical Science Study Committee (Educational Services, Inc.). Physics. Vol. 4 (Preliminary edition). Cambridge, MA: 1959. 

Planck, Max. Scientific autobiography and other papers. With a memorial address by Max von Laue. Trans. Frank Gaynor. New York: Philosophical Library, 1949. 

Price, Derek J. de Solla. Science Since Babylon. (Chapter 5, 'Diseases of Science'). New Haven: Yale UP, 1962. 

Priestley, J. The History and Present State of Discoveries Relating to Vision, Light and Colours. 2 vols. London. 

Pupin, Michael. From Immigrant to Inventor. New York: The Scribner Library, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1960. 

Ramsey, Sir William. The Life and Letters of Joseph Black, M.D.. London: Constable and Co., Ltd., 1918. 

Rappaport, Rhoda. 'Rouelle and Stahl --The Phlogistic Revolution in France.' Chymia 1 (1961): 73-102. 

-----. 'G.F. Rouelle: An Eighteenth Century Chemist and Teacher.' Chymia 6 (1960): 68-101. 

Ravetz, J.R. 'Action at a Distance.' An essay-review of Mary B. Hesse's Forces and Fields. History of Science 1 (1962): 78-82. 

Rayleigh, Lord. The Life of Sir J.J. Thomson, O.M. Cambridge UP, 1942. 

Reiser, Anton. Albert Einstein. London: Thornton Butterworth, 1931. 

Robinson, H.R. and others. Rutherford by Those Who Knew Him. London: The Physical Society, 1954. 

Roller, Duane. The Early Development of the Concepts of Temperature and Heat. The Rise and Decline of the Caloric Theory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1950. (Harvard case histories in experimental science, 3). 

------., and Duane H.D. Roller. The Development of the Concept of Electric Charge: Electricity from the Greeks to Coulomb. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP. (Harvard case histories in experimental science, no. 8). 

Romer, Alfred. The Restless Atom. New York: 1960. 

Rosenfeld, L. Niels Bohr: An Essay. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Company, 1961. 

Rumford, (Count). The Collected Works of Count Rumford. 5 vols. 

Russell, Bertrand. The ABC of Relativity. New Jersey: Essential Books, 1958. 

Schilpp, Paul Arthur (ed.). Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist. Vol 1. New York: Harper Torchbooks, Harper & Brothers. 

Schofield, Robert. Mechanism and Materialism. Princeton UP, 1970. 

-----. A Scientific Autobiography of Joseph Priestley (1733-1804). Cambridge: M.I.T. Press, 1966. 

Schrödinger, Erwin C. Science Theory and Man. New York: Dover Publications, 1957. 

Scott, Wilson L. 'The Conflict Between Atomism and Conservation Theory, 1644-1860.' American Elsevier (1970): 312. 

-----. 'The Significance of `Hard Bodies' in the History of Scientific Thought.' Isis 50 (1969): 199-210. 

Shamos, Morris H. (ed.). Great Experiments in Physics. New York: 1959. 

Siegfried, Robert. 'The Discovery of Potassium and Sodium, and the Problem of the Chemical Elements.' Isis 54 (1963): 247-258. 

-----. 'Boscovich and Davy: Some Cautionary Remarks.' Isis 58 (1967): 236-238. 

-----. 'Further Daltonian Doubts.' Isis 54 (1963): 480-481. 

----- 'Lavoisier's View of the Gaseous State and Its Early Application to Pneumatic Chemistry.' Isis 63 (1972): 59-78. 

-----., and Betty Jo Dobbs. 'Composition, a Neglected Aspect of the Chemical Revolution.' Annals of Science 24 (1968): 275-293. 

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Smyth, A.L. John Dalton (1766-1844). A bibliography of works by and about him. Manchester: 1966. 

Snow, A.J. Matter & Gravity in Newton's Physical Philosophy. A Study in the Natural Philosophy of Newton's Time. London: Humphry Milford for Oxford UP, 1926. 

Susskind, Charles. 'Henry Cavendish, Electrician.' Journal Franklin Inst. 249 (1950): 181-188. 

Szabadvary, Ferenc. 'History of Analytical Chemistry.' Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1966. [Essay-Review of this book by Wm. Brock in History of Science 6 (1967): 156-169. 

Taton, R. (ed.). Enseignement et diffusion des sciences en France au XVIIIe siecle. Paris: 1964. 

Taylor, E.G.R. The Mathematical Practitioners of Tudor and Stuart England, 1485-1714. Cambridge: 1954. 

-----. The Mathematical Practitioners of Hanoverian England, 1714-1840. Cambridge: 1966. 

Ter Haar, D. The Old Quantum Theory. Oxford: 1967. 

Thackray, Arnold. Atoms and Powers. Harvard UP, 1970. 

Thackray, A.W. 'Matter in a nut-shell': Newton's Opticks and Eighteenth-Century Chemistry. Ambix 15 (1968b): 29-53. 

-----. 'The Origins of Dalton's Chemical Atomic Theory: Daltonian Doubts Resolved.' Isis 57 (1966a): 35-55. 

Thayer, H.S, ed. Newton's Philosophy of Nature. Hafner: 1953. 

Thomson, George. The Inspiration of Science. London: Oxford UP, 1961. 

Thomson, J.J. The Corpuscular Theory of Matter. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1907. 

Todhunter, Isaac. A History of the Mathematical Theories of Attraction and the Figure of the Earth, from the Time of Newton to that of LaPlace. 2 vols. London: 1873. 

Trigg, George L. Crucial Experiments in Modern Physics. New York: 1971. 

Vallentin, Antonina. The Drama of Albert Einstein. Trans. Moura Budberg. New York: Doubleday, 1954. 

Van Melsen, A.G. From Atomos to Atom. The History of the Concept 'Atom.' Pittsburgh, PA: 1952. 

Vartanian, Aram. Diderot and Descartes. Harvard UP, 1951. Revised, C.C. Gillispie, Isis 44 (1953): 389-391. 

Vavilov, S.I. 'Newton and the Atomic Theory.' Newton Tercentenary Celebrations 15-19 July 1946. Cambridge UP, 1947. 43-55. 

Voltaire, Francois. Elemens de la philosophie de Neuton. Nouvell edition. 'londres,' n.p. 1737. 

Wade, Ira O. Voltair and Madame du Chatelet. An essay on the intellectual activity at Cirey. Princeton UP, 1941. 

Walker, W. Cameron. 'The Beginnings of the Scientific Career of Joseph Priestley.' Isis 21 (1934): 81-97. 

Walker, W.C. 'The Detection and Estimation of Electric Charges in the Eighteenth Century.' Annals of Science 1 (1936): 66-100. 

Watson, Richard A. The Downfall of Cartesianism, 1673-1712. A study of Epistemological issues in late 17th century Cartesianism. (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, No. II. International Archives of the History of Ideas, 1966.) 

Weisskopf, Victor F. Knowledge and Wonder. New York: Anchor Book, Science Studies Series, Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1963. 

Westfall, R.S. 'The Foundations of Newton's Philosophy of Nature.' Br. Jnl. Hist. Sci. 1 (1962): 171-182. 

Wheeler, John Archibald. 'A Septet of Sibyls: Aids in the Search for Truth.' American Scientist (October, 1956). 

Whiteside, D.T. 'The Expanding World of Newtonian Research.' History of Science 1 (1962): 16-29. 

Whittaker, Sir Edmund. From Euclid to Eddington. A Study of Conceptions of the External World. [The Tarner Lectures, 1947.] Cambridge UP, 1949. 

-----. A History of the Theories of Aether and Electricity, 1: The Classical Theories. New York: Philosophical Library; Edinburgh & London, Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1951. 

Whyte, L.L. Roger Joseph Boscovich...Studies of His Life and Work. London: 1961. 

Wiener, Norbert. Ex-Prodigy, My Childhood and Youth. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1953. 

Williams, L. Pearce. Michael Faraday: A Biography

----- On the Origins of Theory

Wohl, R. 'Buffon and His Project for a New Science.' Isis 51 (1960): 186-199. 

Wood, Alex. Thomas Young, Natural Philosopher 1773-1829. Cambridge UP, 1954. Completed by Frank Oldham. 

Wright, Stephen, ed. Classical Scientific Papers /I/: Physics. London: 1964. 

Yang, Chen Ning. Elementary Particles. Princeton UP, 1961. 

Young, T. A Course of Lectures on Natural Philosophy and the Mechanical Arts. 2 vols. London: 1807. 



The Natural Sciences, 18th-20 Centuries

Abbott, Lyman. Theology of an Evolutionist. London: 1897. 

Adams, Frank Dawson. The Birth and Development of the Geological Sciences. New York: 1954 [1938]. 

Agassiz, Elizabeth Cary. Louis Agassiz: His Life and Correspondence. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1886. 

Agassiz, Louis. Geological Sketches. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1894, 1896. 

-----. Methods of Study in Natural History. Boston: 1863. 

Aveling, Edward B. 'Charles Darwin and Karl Marx.' New Century Review I (1897). 

Bailey, Edward Battersby. James Hutton -- the Founder of Modern Geology. London: Elsevier Publishing Co. Ltd., 1967. 

Barlow, Nora. 'Charles Darwin and the Galapagos Islands.' Nature 136 (1935): 391. 

Barzun, Jacques. Darwin, Marx, Wagner

Bateson, William. Mendel's Principles of Heredity. Cambridge UP, 1913. 

Bergson, Henri. Creative Evolution. Tr. A. Mitchell. London: 1911. 

Beringer, C.C. Geschichte der Geologie und des geologischen Weltbildes. Stuttgart: 1954. 

Berry, William B.N. Growth of a Prehistoric Time Scale

Bettany, G.T. Life of Charles Darwin. London: 1887. 

Bonar, James. Malthus and His Work. London, 1924. 

Bradford, Gamaliel. Darwin. Boston, 1926. 

Bree, C.R. An Exposition of Fallacies in the Hypothesis of Mr. Darwin. London: 1860. 

-----. Species Not Tranmutable, nor the Result of Secondary Causes. London: 1860. 

Brunet, Pierre. Les Physiciens Hollandais et la Methode Experimentale en France au XVIIIe Siecle. Paris: Librarie Scientifique Albert Blanchard, 1926. 

Bryce, James. 'Personal Reminiscences of Charles Darwin and of the Reception of the `Origin of Species'.' Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society XLVIII (1909). 

Buckland, William. Life and Correspondence. Ed. Mrs. Gordon. London: 1894. 

Buffon, Georges Louis Leclerc. Natural History. Tr. Barr. 10 vols. London: 1807. 

Burchfield, Joseph D. Lord Kelvin and the Age of the Earth

Burke, John G. 'Rome de L'Isle and the Central Fire.' Actes XIIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci. 7 (1968)[1971]: 15-17. 

Burrow, J.W. Evolution and Society

Butler, Dr. Samuel. Life and Letters. 2 vols. London: 1896. 

Carozzi, Albert V. 'De Maillet's Telliamed (1748): The Theory of the Diminution of the Sea.' Endeavor 29 (1970): 140-43. 

Chambers, Robert. Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation. 3rd ed. London: 1845. 

Clark, John Willis and Thomas M. Hughes. Life and Letters of the Reverend Adam Sedgwick. 2 vols. Cambridge UP, 1890. 

Coleman, W. Georges Cuvier, Zoologist. Cambridge UP, 1964. 

Condorcet, Antoine-Nicolas de. Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind (1795). New York: Noonday Press, 1955. 

Cowles, Thomas. 'Malthus, Darwin and Bagehot: A Study in the Transference of a Concept.' Isis XXVI (1937). 

Cuvier, Georges Baron. Lessons in Comparative Anatomy. 2 vols. London: 1802. 

-----. Essay on the Theory of the Earth. 2nd ed. Edinburgh: 1815. 

Daniel, G.E. A Hundred Years of Archeology. London: 1950. 

Darlington, C.D. The Place of Botany in the Life of a University. Oxford, 1954. 

-----. Autobiography. Ed. Nora Barlow. London: 1958. 

Darwin, Charles. Manuscripts: American Philosophical Society Library; British Museum, Eg. 3020; Cambridge University Library

-----. Charles Darwin and the Voyage of the Beagle. Ed. Nora Barlow. London: 1945. 

-----. Descent of Man. 1st ed. 2 vols. London: 1871; 2nd ed. 1 vol. Reprint. London: 1901. 

-----. Dairy of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle. Ed. Nora Barlow. Cambridge, 1933. 

-----. The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. 2nd ed. London: 1904. 

-----. The Foundationns of the Origin of Species. Ed. Francis Darwin. Cambridge, 1909. 

-----. Life and Letters. Ed. Francis Darwin. 3 vols. London: 1887. 

-----. More Letters. Ed. Francis Darwin and A.C. Seward. 2 vols. London: 1903. 

-----. On Origin of Species. Reprint of 1st edition. London: 1950; reprint of 6th edition. New York: 1909. 

-----. Phytologia. London: 1800. 

-----'The Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs.' Part I of The Geology of the Voyage of the Beagle. London: 1842; 2nd ed. London: J.W. Judd, 1900. 

------. The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication. 2 vols. London: 1868. 

Darwin, Emma. A Century of Family Letters, 1792-1896. Ed. Henrietta Litchfield. 2 vols. Cambridge: 1904 (private ed.); London: 1915 (regular edition). 

Darwin, Erasmus. Botanic Garden. London: 1791. 

-----. Zoonomia. 3rd ed. 4 vols. London: 1801. 

Davey, Samuel. Darwin, Carlyle and Dickens. London: 1876. 

Davies, Gordon L. 'Another Forgotten Pioneer of the Glacial Theory: James Hutton, 1726-1797.' J. Glacial 7 (1968): 115-116. 

----- The Earth in Decay: A History of British Geomorphology, 1578-1878. London: 1968. 

Derham, W., ed. Philosophical Letters Between the Late Mr. Ray and ...His Correspondence. London: 1718. 

Dewey, John. The Influence of Darwin of Philosophy. New York: 1910. 

Diepgen, P. Geschichte der Medizin. Bd. II, Halfte 1. & 2. Berlin: 1955-1959. 

Disraeli, Benjamin. Tancred. 3 vols. London: 1847. 

Dorlodot, Henry. Darwinism and Catholic Thought. London: 1922. 

Dubos, R. Louis Pasteur. Boston: 1950. 

Dupree, A. Hunter. Asa Gray 1810-1888. Harvard UP, 1959. 

---. 'Some Letters from Charles Darwin to Jeffries Wyman.' Isis XLII (1951). 

Evolutionary Thought in America. Ed. Stow Persons. 

Ewan, Joseph. A Short History of Botany in the United States. New York: 1969. 

Eyles, V.A. 'The History of Geology: Suggestions for Further Research.' History of Science 5 (1966): 77-86. 

Falconer, Hugh. 'On Professor Huxley's Attempted Refutation of Cuvier's Laws of Correlation in the Reconstruction of Extinct Vertebrate Forms.' Annals and Magazine of Natural History 2nd series, 17 (1856): 476-93. 

Fawcett, Henry. 'A Popular Exposition of Mr. Darwin on the Origin of Species.' Macmillan's Magazine III (1860). 

Fisher, R.A. The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection. Oxford, 1930. 

Fiske, John. Destiny of Man. Boston: 1884. 

FitzRoy, Robert. 'Proceedings of the Second Expedition, 1831-1836.' Vol II of Narrative of the Surveying Voyages of H.M.S. Adventure and Beagle between 1826 and 1836. London: 1839. 

Gage, A.T. History of the Linnean Society of London. London: 1938. 

Galton, Francis. Inquiries into Human Faculty and its Development. Everyman ed. 

Gasking, Elizabeth. Investigations into Generation 1651-1828. London: Hutchinson, 1967. 97-106; 148-59. 

Geikie, Archibald. Charles Darwin as Geologist. Cambridge, 1909. 

Geikie, Sir Archibald. The Founders of Geology. New York: Dover Press (reprint of the 2nd ed. of 1905), 1962. 

-----. Geology at the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century. London: Geological Society, 1907. 

Gerstner, Patsy A. 'James Hutton's Theory of the Earth and his Theory of Matter.' Isis 59 (1968): 26-31. 

-----. 'The Reaction to James Hutton's Use of Heat as a Geological Agent.' Br. J. Hist. Sci. 5 (1971): 353-62. 

Gillispie, Charles C. Genesis and Geology. Cambridge, MA: 1951. 

Gray, Asa. Darwiniana: Essays and Reviews Pertaining to Darwinism. New York: Appleton, 1876. 

-----. Letters. Ed. James L. Gray. 2 vols. London: 1893. 

Glass, Bentley, O. Temkin and W.L. Straus, Jr. Forerunners of Darwin 1745-1859. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1959. 

Goodfield, G.J. The Growth of Scientific Physiology. London: 1960. 

Gray, Jane Loring. Letters of Asa Gray. 2 vols. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1894. 

Greene, John. Darwin and the Modern World View

Green, J. Reynolds. A History of Botany 1860-1900. Oxford: 1909. 

-----. A History of Botany in the United Kingdom.... London: 1914. 

Gunther, Robert W.T., ed. Further Correspondence of John Ray. London: The Ray Society, 1928. 

Haber, Francis C. The Age of the World: Moses to Darwin. J.H.U. Press, 1959. 

Haeckel, Ernst. History of Creation. Tr. E. Ray Lankester. 2 vols. London: 1876. 

Hagberg, Knut. Carl Linnaeus. Tr. Alan Blair. London: 1952. 

Hales, S. Vegetable Staticks (1727). London: 1961. 

Haller, Mark H. Eugenics: Hereditary Attitudes in American Thought

Hanks, L. Buffon avant 'l'Histoire Naturelle.' Paris: 1966. 

Harvey, William H. 'An Inquiry into the Probable Origin of the Human Animal on the Principles of Mr. Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection, and in Opposition to the Lamarckian Notion of a Monkey.' 

Helmholtz, Hermann von. Popular Lectures on Scientific Subjects. Tr. E. Atkinson. London: 1893. 

Henrey, Blanche. British Botanical and Horticultural Literature before 1800. 3 vols. London: 1975. 

Herschel, J.F.W. A Preliminary Discourse on the Study of Natural Philosophy. 2nd ed. London: 1842. 

Himmelfarb, Gertrude. Darwin and the Darwinian Revolution

-----. 'Malthus.' Encounter V (1955). 

Hirst, F.W. Early Life and Letters of John Morley. 2 vols. London: 1927. 

Hofstadter, Richard. Social Darwinism in American Thought. 2nd ed. Boston: 1955. 

Hedberg, Hollis D. 'The Influence of Torbern Bergman (1735-1784) on Stratigraphy.' Stockholm Contrib. Geol. 20 (1969): 19-47. 

Hooker, Joseph Dalton. Life and Letters. Ed. Leonard Huxley. 2 vols. London: 1918. 

Hooykaas, R. Natural Law and Divine Miracle: A Historical-Critical Study of the Principle of Uniformity in Geology, Biology, and Theology. Leiden: 1959. 

-----. 'The Parallel Between the History of the Earth and the History of the Animal World.' Arch. Int. Hist. Sci., 38 (1957): 3-18. 

-----. 'The Species Concept in 18th Century Mineralogy.' Act. Congr. Int Hist. Sci., 6 (1950): 458-68. 

Hughes, A. A History of Cytology. London: 1960. 

Humboldt, Alexander von. Personal Narrative of Travels to the Equinoctial Regions of the New Continent during the Years 1799 to 1804. Trans. Helen M. Williams. 6 vols. London: 1818. 

Hutton, James. 'Theory of the Earth, or An Investigation of the Laws Observable in the Composition, Dissolution, and Restoration of Land Upon the Globe.' Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Vol 1. 209-304. 

Hutton, J. Theory of the Earth with Proofs and Illustrations. 2 vols. Edinburgh. 

Huxley, Leonard. Life and Letters of Thomas Henry Huxley. 3 vols. London: 1913. 

-----. Life and Letters of Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker. 2 vols. London: 1918. 

Huxley, T.H. Critiques and Addresses. London: 1883. 

-----. Darwiniana. New York: 1893. 

-----. Essays upon some Controverted Questions. London: 1892. 

------. Evolution and Ethics and other Essays. New York: 1898. 

------. Life and Letters. Ed. Leonard Huxley. 3 vols. London: 1903. 

-----. Manuscripts: Library of the Imperial College of Science and Technology, London

-----. Science and the Christian Tradition. New York: 1898. 

-----. The Scientific Memoirs of Thomas Henry Huxley. 4 vols. Ed. Michael Foster and E. Ray Lankester. Supplement. London: Macmillan. 

Iltis, Hugo. Life of Mendel. New York: W.W. Norton, 1932. 

Irvine, William. Apes, Angels, and Victorians. New York: 1955. 

Jackson, B.D. Linnaeus. London: 1923. 

Jenkin, Fleeming. Papers, Literary, Scientific, Etc. 2 vols. Ed. Sidney Colvin and J.A. Ewing. London: 1887. 

Jenyns, Leonard. Memoir of the Reverend John Stevens Henslow. London: John van Voorst, 1862. 

Jones, Ernest. Sigmund Freud. 3 vols. London: 1953-57. 

Kardiner, Abram. They Studied Man

Keith, Arthur. Darwin Revalued. London: 1955. 

Lord Kelvin (William Thompson). Popular Lectures and Addresses. 2 vols. London: 1894. 

Kempf, Edward J. 'Charles Darwin: The Affective Sources of His Inspiration and Anxiety Neurosis.' Psychonalytic Review (Washington) V (1918). 

Kendrick, T.D. The Lisbon Earthquake. London: 1956. 

Kennedy, Gail, (ed.). Evolution and Religion

Kingsley, Charles. Letters and Memoirs of His Life. Ed. Mrs. Kingsley. 2 vols. London: 1877. 

Kramer, Herbert H. 'The Intellectual Background and Immediate Reception of Darwin's Origin of Species.' Diss. Harvard U, 1948. 

Krause, Ernst. Erasmus Darwin. London: 1879. 

Lamarck, Jean Baptiste. Zoological Philosophy. Trans. Hugh Elliot. London: 1914. 

Liebig, J.v. Animal Chemistry, (1842). New York: 1964. 

Lyell, C. 'Anniversary Address of the President.' Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London. Vol. 6. xxvii-lxvi. 

-----. 'Anniversary Address of the President.' Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London. Vol. 7. xxxii-lxxi. 

-----. The Antiquity of Man. London: John Murray, 1863. 

-----. Geological Evidences of the Antiquity of Man. London: 1863; 2nd ed. under title Antiquity of Man. London: 1868. 

-----. Lectures on Geology Delivered at the Broadway Tabernacle. New York: 1842. 

-----. Life, Letters and Journals. Ed. Mrs. Lyell. 2 vols. London: 1881. 

-----. 'On Fossil Rain-marks of the Recent Triassic and Carboniferous Periods.' Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London 7. 238-47. 

-----. Principles of Geology. 1st ed., 3 vols. London: 1830 33; 6th ed., 3 vols. London: 1840; 9th ed., 1 vol. London: 1853; 10th ed., 2 vols. London: 1867. 

-----. 'The Theory of Successive Development in the Scale of Being both Animal and Vegetable, from the earliest Periods to Our Own Time, as Deducted from Paleontological Evidence.' Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 51. 1-31. 

Lyell, Katherine M. Life, Letters and Journals of Sir Charles Lyell. 2 vols. London: 1881. 

-----. Memoir of Leonard Horner. 2 vols. London: 1890. 

Malthus, T.R. An Essay on the Principle of Population. Everyman ed. 

Marchant, James. Alfred Russel Wallace: Letters and Reminiscences. New York: Harper, 1916. 

Mauskkpf, Seymour. 'Minerals, Molecules and Species.' Archs. Inst. Hist. Sci. 23 (1970): 185-206. 

Mendelsohn, Everett. 'The Biological Sciences in the Nineteenth Century: Some Problems and Sources.' History of Science 3 (1964): 39-59. 

Mendelsohn, E. Heat and Life. Cambridge, MA: 1964. 

Milhauser, Milton. Just Before Darwin

Mill, John Stuart. Letters. Ed. Hugh S.R. Elliott. 2 vols. London: 1910. 

Miller, Gerrit S. 'The Controversy over Human 'Missing Links,'' Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institute (1928). 

Mitchell, P. Chalmers. Thomas Henry Huxley. New York: 1900. 

Mivart, St. George. On the Genesis of Species. London: 1871. 

Needham, J. History of Embryology. 2nd ed. Cambridge, England: 1959. 

Newton, Alfred. 'Early Days of Darwinism.' Macmillan's Magazine LVII (1888). 

Nordenskiöld, Erik. History of Biology. Trans. Leonard B. Eyre. New York: 1928. 

Owen, Richard. Life. Ed. by his grandson. 2 vols. London: 1804. 

Packard, A.S. Lamarck: The Founder of Evolution. London & New York: Longmans, Green & Co., 1901. 

Page, Leroy E. 'John Playfair and Huttonain Catastrophism.' Actes XIe Cong. Int. Hist. Sci. 4 (1965; 1968): 221-225. 

Paley, William. Natural Theology. 6th ed. London: 1803. 

Pearson, Karl. Charles Darwin. London: 1923. 

Peirce, Charles Sanders. Collected Papers. Ed. Charles Hartshorne and Paul Weiss. 6 vols. Cambridge, MA: 1935. 

Petit, G. and J. Theodorides. Histoire de la zoologie (Paris, 1962), V. Carus. Geschichte der Zoologie (Munich, 1872; also French ed.). 

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