A N C I E N T   &   M E D I E V A L   N A T U R A L   P H I L O S O P H Y
Select Bibliography  -  Historiographic  -  Robert A. Hatch  - University of Florida
Ancient, Hellenic & Hellenistic Natural Philosophy

Aaboe, Asker. Episodes from the Early History of Mathematics. New York: 1964. 

Allbutt, T.C. Greek Medicine in Rome. London: 1921. 

Allman, G.J. Greek Geometry from Thaales to Euclid. Dublin and London: 1889. 

Amacher, Peter M. 'Galen's Experiment on the Arterial Pulse and the Experiment Repeated.' Sudhoffs Archive 48 (1964): 177-180. 

Archimedes. Opera omnia. In modern edition of J. L. Heiberg. 3 vols. Leipzig: 1910- . 

Arnim, J.V. Stoicorum Veterum Fragmenta. Leipzig: 1903. 

Bailey, Cyril. The Greek Atomists and Epicurus. Oxford: Clarnedon, 1928. 

-----. The Greek Atomists and Epicurus. Oxford U P, 1928. 

Barrett, H.M. Boethius. Cambridge: 1940. 

Bouche-Leclercq, A. L'Astrologie grecque. Paris: 1899. 

Brehaut, E. An Encylopedist of the Dark Ages, Isidore of Seville. New York: 1912. 

Brehier, E. Chrysippe. Presses Universitaires de France. Paris: 1951. 

Brock, A.J. Greek Medicine. Being Extracts Illustrative of Medical Writers from Hippocrates to Galen. London: J. M. Dent & Sons, Ltd., 1929. New York: E. P. Dutton and Company, Inc. 

Brunet, P. and A. Mieli. Histoire des sciences. Antiquite, Paris: 1935. (includes selected readings). 

Breasted, J.H. The Edwin Smith Papyrus. 2 vols. Chicago: 1930. (Excellent introductions evaluating Egyptian medicine). 

Bruins, E.M. et R. de Mecquenem. 'Textes Mathematiques de Suse.' xi + 136 pp. + 12 plates + 39 plates. Memoires de la Mission archeologique en Iran. Tome XXXIV. Paris: Paul Geuthner, 1961. 

Bulter, Nicholas. Anaximander on the Prolongation of Infancy in Man. (In-Class Study in Honor of Drisler, 1894). 

Brunbury, E.H. A History of Ancient Geography among the Greeks and Romans from the Earliest Ages till the Fall of the Roman Empire. 2d ed. 2 volumes. London: 1883. 

Burch, G. Anaximander. 'The First Metaphysician.' Review of Metaphysics 6 (1952-53): 387-395. 

Burnet, John. Early Greek Philosophy. New York: 1957. 

-----. Greek Philosophy. Part 1. 'Thales to Plato.' London: 1914. 

Cajori, F. 'Falling Bodies in Ancient and Modern Times.' Science and Mathematics 21 (1921): 638-48.

Canteron, H. La Notion de force dans le systeme d'Aristote. Paris: 1923. 

Cantor, Moritz. Vorlesungen über Geshichte der Mathematik. 4 vol. Volume I. 4th ed. Leipzig: 1922. (includes the ancient period). 

Capelle, Willhelm. 'Meteorologie.' RE, Supplement VI. 

-----. Die Vorsokratiker: Die Fragmente und Quellenberichte. 2 ed. Stuttgart: 1953. 

Cary, M., et. al. The Oxford Classical Dictionary. Oxford: 1949. 

Chase, A.B., H.P. Manning, and R.C. Archibald. The Rhind Mathematical Papyrus. 2 volumes. Oberlin: 1927-1929. 

Cherniss, H. Aristotle's Criticism of Plato and the Academy. Vol. I. Baltimore: 1944. 

-----. Aristotle's Criticism of Presocratic Philosophy. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins U P, 1935. 

-----. 'The Characteristics and Effects of Presocratic Philosophy.' JHI 12 (1951). 

-----. 'Notes on Plutarch's De Facie in Orbe Lunae.' Classical Philology 46 (1951): 137-58. 

-----. 'Plato as Mathematician.' Review of Metaphysics 4 (1951): 395-425. 

Childe, V. Gordon. Man Makes Himself. London: 1936. 

Clagett, Marshall. Greek Science in Antiquity. New York: 1956. 

Clarke, J. Physical Science in the Time of Nero; Being a Translation of the Quaestiones Naturales of Seneca. Notes on the treatise by A Geike. London: 1910. 

Cohen, Morris R., and Israel E. Drabkin. A Source Book in Greek Science. Cambridge: Harvard U P, 1959. A comprehensive technical anthology, with short introductions. 

Conant, L.L. The Number Concept. New York: 1923. 

Cornford, F.M. Before and After Socrates. Cambridge: 1932. 

-----. From Religion to Philosophy: A Study in the Origins of Western Speculation. New York: 1957. 

-----. Plato's Cosmology. The Timaeus of Plato. Trans. with a Running Commentary. 1937. New York: Liberal Arts Press, 1957 

-----. Principium Sapientiae, The Origins of Greek Philosophical Thought. Cambridge: 1952. (A radical departure from the Burnet 'positivistic' treatment of the pre-Socratics). 

Collingwood, R.G. The Idea of Nature. New York: 1960. 

Conteneau, G. La Medicine en Assyrie et en Babylonie. Paris: 1938. (Excellently illustrated; much more than a history of medicine). 

Cozzo, Giuseppe. Ingegneria romana. Rome: 1928. 

Cramer, F.H. Astrology in Roman Law and Politics. Philadelphia: 1954. 

Cumont, F. Astrology and Religion among the Greeks and Romans. New York: 1912. 

Dannemann, Friedrich. Die Naturwissenschaften in ihrer Entwieklung und in ihrem Zusammenhange. Leipzig: 1920-1923. 

Dantzig, Tobia. Number: The Language of Science. Fourth Edition. Garden City: 1956. 

Daremberg, C., and E. Saglio. Dictionnarie des antiquites grecques et romaines. 5 vols. Paris: 1873-1917. 

-----. Histoire des sciences medicales. 2 volumes. Paris: 1870. 

Dickson, L.E. Introduction to the Theory of Numbers. New York. 

Diels, H. Anaximander von Milet. 'N. Jahrb. Kl. Alt.' 2 (1923). 

-----. Antike Technik. 3rd ed. Leipzig: 1924. 

-----. Doxographi graeci. 1879. 

-----. Die Fragmente der Vorsikratiker. 5th ed. W. Kranz. 3 vols. Berlin: 1934-1937. 

Diller, A. 'The Ancient Measurements of the Earth.' Isis 40 (1949): 6-9. 

Dobson, J.F. 'The Posidonius Myth.' Classical Quarterly 12 (1918): 179-95. 

Dodds, E.R. The Greeks and the Irrational. Berkeley: U of CA Press, 1951. 

Dörfler, J. 'Arch. f. F. Phil.' Influence of Theological Speculation on Thales

-----. Zur Urstofflehre des Anaximenes. Freistadt: 1912. 

Drachmann, A.G. Ktesibios, Philon and Heron. A study in Ancient Pneumatics. Copenhagen: 1948. 

Dreyer, J.L.E. 'On the Origin of Ptolemy's Catalogue of Stars. II.' Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 78 (1918): 343-49. 

Duckett, E.S. Latin Writers of the Fifth Century. New York: 1930. 

Duhem, P. L'Evolution de la mecanique. Paris: 1903. 

-----. Le Systeme de Monde. Vol. I and II. Paris: 1913. 

Edelstein, L. 'The Philosophical System of Posidonius.' American Journal of Philology 57 (1936): 286-325. 

-----. 'Recent Trends in the Interpretation of Ancient Science.' Journal of the History of Ideas XIII: 573-604. 

Enriques and G. de Santillana. Les Ionies et la nature des choses. Paris: 1936. 

Erhart, Hubert. 'War Aniximandros Deszendenztheoretiker?' Archiv für Geschichte der Medizin 33 (1940): 107-11. 

von Erhardt-Siebold, Erika and Rudolf von Erhardt. The Astronomy of Erigena. Baltimore: 1940. 

Fairbanks, Arthur. The First Philosophers of Greece. London: 1898. 

Farrington, Benjamin. Greek Science. London: Penguin Books Limited (Pelican A142), 1953. 

-----. Science in Antiquity. Second Edition. Oxford: 1969. 

Festugiere, A.M. trans. and A.D. Knock, ed. Corpus hermeticum. 2 vols. in I. Paris: 1945. 

-----. La Revelation d'Hermes Trimegiste. 2 vols. Paris: 1950. 

Fettweis, E. Das Rechnen der Naturvölker. Leipzig-Berlin: 1927. 

Fleming, D. 'Galen on the Motions of the Blood.' Isis 14 (1955): 14. 

Forrester, J.M. 'An Experiment of Galen's Repeated.' Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine 47 (1954): 241-244. 

Frank, E. Platon und die sogenannten Pythagoreer. Halle: 1923. 

Frankfort, Henri, et al. Before Philosophy. London: Penguin Books Limited (Pelican A198), 1959. 

Freeman, Kathleen. Ancilla to the Pre-Socratic Philosophers. A Complete Translation of the Fragments in Diels, Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker. Oxford: Basil Blackwell & Mott, Ltd., 1948. Cambridge: Harvard U P. 

-----. The Pre-Socratic Philosophers: a Companion to Diels, Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1946. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1947. 

von Fritz, K. 'Theon.' P-W, Ser. 2, 5 (1934): 2067-75. 

Galen. On the Natural Faculties. Ed. and trans. by A.J. Brock. London: 1916. (Loeb Classical Library). 

Gandz, S. 'Conflicting Interpretations of Babylonian Mathematics.' Isis XXXI (1940): 405. 

Gibb, Hamilton. 'The Influence of Islamic Culture on Medieval Europe.' Bulletin of the John Rylands Library (1955). Rpt. Change in Medieval Society, Sylvia L. Thrupp. 

Gidon, O. Der Ursprung der Griechischen Philsophie von Hesiod bis Parmenides. Base: 1945. 

Gilbert, Otto. Die Meteorologischen Theorien des griechischen Altertums. Leipzig: 1907. 

Gilson, Etienne. Reason and Revelation in the Middle Ages

Gomperz, Theodor. Griechische Denker. Bk 1. Leipzig: 1896. English translation, vol. 1. London: 1901. 

Gow, James. A Short History of Greek Mathematics. Cambridge: 1884. 

Guthrie, W.K.C. The Greek Philosophers: From Thales to Aristotle. New York: 1960. 

Harrison, Jane. Prolegomena to the Study of Greek Religion. New York: 1955. 

Heath, Thomas L. Aristarchus of Samos. The Ancient Copernicus. A History of Greek Astronomy to Aristarchus Together with Aristarchus's Treatise on the Sizes and Distances of the Sun and Moon. A New Greek Text with Translation and Notes. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1913. 

-----. Greek Astronomy. New York: E.P. Dutton and Company, Inc., 1932. Translations of selected texts. 

-----. History of Greek Mathematics. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon P, 1921. New York: Oxford U P. 

-----. A Manual of Greek Mathematics. Oxford: 1931. (Reprinted by Dover). 

Heiberg, J.L. Geschichte der Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften im Altertum. Munich: 1925. 

Heidel, W.A. The Frame of the Ancient Greek Maps. New York: 1937. 

-----. The Heroic Age of Science: The Conception, Ideals, and Methods of Science among the Ancient Greeks. Baltimore: 1933. 

Hippocrates. The Genuine Works of Hippocrates. Trans. F. Adams. London: 1948. New York: 1929. 

-----. Ed. and trans. W.H.S. Jones and E.T. Withington. 4 vols. New York: 1923-1931. (Loeb Classical Library). 

Heidel, W. Hippocratic Medicine. New York: 1941. 

Hölscher, U. 'Ananimander und die Anfänge der Philosophie.' Hermes 81 (1953). 

Inge, William Ralph. The Philosophy of Plotinus. The Gifford Lectures at St. Andrews, 1917-18. 3rd ed. 2 vols. New York: Longmans, Green & Co., Inc., 1929. (A standard work on the most important early Neoplatonist). 

Instituto de Studi Romani. Le Scienze fisiche e biologiche in Roma e nel Lazio. Rome: 1933. 

Jaeger, W. Aristotle. trans. R Robinson. 2nd edit. Oxford University Press, 1948. 

-----.  Paideia: The Ideals of Greek Culture. 3 vol. Oxford: 1944-45. 

-----.   The Theology of the Early Greek Philosophers. Oxford: 1947. 

Jöel, K. Geschichte der Antiken Philosophie. Oxford: 1922. 

Kahn, Charles. Anaximander and the Origins of Greek Cosmology. New York: Columbia Press, 1960. 

Kirk, F.S. 'Some Problems in Anaximander.' Classical Quarterly. 48 (1955): 21-38. 

Klemm, Friedrich. A History of Western Technology. Trans. Dorothea W. Singer. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1959. 

Kroll, W. Die Kosmologie des Plinius; mit zwei Exkursen von H. Vogt. Breslau: 1930. 

-----.'Plinius und die Chaldäer.' Hermes. 65 (1930): 1-13. 

Kugler, F.X. Sternkunst und Sterndienst in Babel. 2 vols. 3 supp. 1907-1935. (The masterwork which recovered Babylonian astronomy). 

Lagercrantz, O. Papyrus graecus Holmiensis. Uppsala: 1913. 

Laistner, M.L.W. Thought and Letters in Western Europe, 500-900. London: 1931. 

Leemans, C. Papyri graeci musei antiquarii publici Lugduni-Batavi. Vol. 2. Leyden: 1885 (containing Leyden Papyrus X). 

Lenzen, V. 'Archimedes' Theory of the Lever.' Isis 17 (1932): 288-89. 

Levy-Bruhl, L. Les fonctions mentales dans les societes inferieures. Paris: 1910 (many later editions). English translation: How Natives Think

Lightfoot, J.B., editor. The Apostolic Fathers. 5 vols. London: 1885-1890. 

Lones, T.E. Aristotle's Researches in Natural Science. London: 1913. 

-----. 'Mechanics and Engineering from the time of Aristotle to that of Archimedes.' Trans., Newcomen Soc. Vol. II. 1921-22. 

Loria, Gino. Storia delle matematiche. 3 vols. Turin: 1929-33. 

Manilius. Astronomicon. Rec., F. Jacob. Berolini: 1846. 

Mates, B. Stoic Logic. Berkeley: Univ. of CA P, 1953. 

Mieli, Aldo. Pagine de storia della chimica. Rome: 1922. 

Mieli, Aldo. La Scienza greca prearistotelica. Florence: 1916. 

Milne, J.S. Surgical Instruments in Greek and Roman Times. Oxford: 1907. 

Morrison, J.S. 'Pythagoras of Samos.' Classical Quarterly 50 (1950). 

Murray, Gilbert. Five Stages of Greek Religion. 1951. 

Nahm, Milton C., ed. Selections from Early Greek Philosophy. 3rd ed. New York: F. S. Crofts & Co., 1947. 

Needham, Joseph. A History of Embroyology. Cambridge: 1934. 

Neuburger, M. and J. Pagel. 'Hanbuch der Geschichte der Medzin.' 3 vol. The Sections on Greek medicine by Robert Fuchs and on Roman medicine. Iwan Bloch. Vol. I. Jena: 1902. 

Neugebauer, Otto. Astronomical Cuneiform Texts (ACT). 3 vols. London: 1955. 

-----. The Exact Sciences in Antiquity. 2nd ed. Providence: Brown University Press, 1957. (On Babylonian and reek mathematics and astronomy). 

-----. Mathematische Keilschrifttexte. Quellen und Studien zur Geschichte der Mathematik, Physik, und Astronomie, Abteilung A. Heft 3. 3 vols. Berlin: Springer, 1935-37. 

-----. Vorgriechische Mathematik. Berlin: 1934. 

-----, and A. Sachs. Mathematical Cuneiform Texts. x + 177 pp. + 49 plates. Vol. 29. New Haven: American Oriental Society, 1945. 

Parker, R.A. The Calendars of Ancient Egypt. Chicago: 1950. 

Partington, J.L. The Origins and development of Applied Chemistry. London: 1935. (A detailed study of many aspects of ancient techniques; a superb summary of the modern literature on this subject.) 

Patch, H.R. The Tradition of Boethius. Oxford: 1935. 

Petrie, W.F. Wisdom of the Egyptians. London: 1940. (The mathematical sections can be used only with great caution, but this volume contains much technological information). 

Plutarch. Moralia. Trans. Frank C. Babbitt et al. in Loeb Classical Library. 14 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1927-39. 

Pohlenz, M. Die Stoa, Vandenhoeck and Ruprecht. Goettingen: 1948. 

Ptolemaeus, Claudius. Handbuch der Astronomie. Trans. & notes K. Manitius. 2 vols. Leipzig: 1912-13. 

Ptolemy.   Lejeune, Albert. L'Optique de Claude Ptolemee. Louvain: 1956. 

-----. Syntaxis mathematica. Ed. J.L. Heiberg. Leipzig: 1898-1903. 2 vols. 

Randall, J.H. Aristotle. New York: 1960. 

Reymond, A. A History of the Sciences in Greco-Roman Antiquity. Trans. R.G. de Bray. New York: 1927. 

Roberts, A. and J. Donaldson, editors. The Ante-Nicene Fathers. 10 vols. New York: 1896-1899. 

Robin, Leon. La Pensee grecque et les origines de l'esprit scientifique. Trans. M.R. Dobie. Paris, 1923. New York: 1928. 

Ross, W.D. Aristotle. London: 1930. 

Rostovtsev, Mikhail Ivanovitch. The Social and Economic History of the Hellenistic World. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1941. New York: Oxford U P. (Agriculture, mining in jade, and industries in Ptolemaic Egypt). 

Sambursky, Samuel. The Physical World of the Greeks. Trans. Merton Dagut. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1956. 

-----. Physics of the Stoics. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, Ltd., 1959. New York: The Macmillan Company. 

Santillana, Giorgio de. The Origins of Scientific Thought. New York: 1961. 

Sarton, George. A History of Science. 2 vols. Cambridge: Harvard U P, 1952-59. 

Schaff, P. ed. The Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers. 28 vols. New York: 1889-1890. 

Schrödinger, E. Nature and the Greeks. Cambridge U P, 1954. 

Seidenberg, A. The Ritual Origin of Counting, Archive for History of the Exact Sciences. Vol. II. 1-37. 

Sigerist, H. A History of Medicine. Vol. I. New Haven: 1951. 

Singer, Charles. The Evolution of Anatomy. New York: 1925. 

-----. Greek Biology and Greek Medicine. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1922. 

-----. 'Greek Biology and Its Relations to the Rise of Modern Biology.' Ed. C. Singer. Studies in the History and Method of Science Vol. 2. Oxford: 1921. 

. E.J. Holmyard, and A.R. Hall, eds. 'A History of Technology.' Vol. 2. The Mediterranean Civilizations and the Middle Ages c. 700 B. C. to A. D. 1500

Smart, William M. Spherical Astronomy. Fifth Ed. Oxford: 1962. 

Smith, D.E. 'History of Mathematics.' Vol. 2. Boston, 1923-1925. 

Smith, T. V. ed. From Thales to Plato. Chicago: 1956. 

-----. From Aristotle to Plotinus. Chicago: 1956. 

Smyly, J.G. 'Notes on Theon of Smyrna.' Hermathena 14 (1907): 261-79. 

Snell, Bruno. The Discovery of the Mind: The Greek Origins of European Thought. New York: 1960. 

Stahl, W.H. Macrobius, Commentary on the Dream of Scipio. New York: 1952. 

Strabo. Geographica. Ed. A. Meineke. 3 vols. Leipzig: 1915-25. 

Stenzel, J. Zahl und Gestalt. Leipzig: 1924. 

Stillman, J.M. The Story of Early Chemistry. New York: 1924. 

Strömbert, Reinhold. Theophrastea. Studien zur botanischen Begriffsbildung. Goteborg: 1937. 

Tannery, P. La Geometrie grecque. Paris: 1887. 

-----. Memoires scientifiques. 14 vols. 1912-1937. (Vols. I-III are especially devoted to ancient science). 

Taylor, A.E. Plato: the Man and His Work. 6th ed. New York: Meridian Books, Inc. 

-----. Socrates: The Man and His Thought. Garden City: 1956. 

Taylor, H.O. Greek Biology and Medicine. Boston: 1922. 

Temkin, Owsei. 'Greek Medicine as Science and Craft.' Isis 44 (1953): 213-225. 

Terquem, A. La Science romaine a l'epoque d'Auguste etc. Paris: 1885. 

Thomas, Ivor. Selections Illustrating the History of Greek Mathematics. 2 vols. Cambridge, MA and London (Loeb Classical Library), 1939-41. Revised and reprinted 1951. 

Thompson, D'Arcy W. On Aristotle as a Biologist. Oxford: 1916. 

Thomson, James Oliver. History of Ancient Geography. London: Cambridge U P, 1948. 

Thureau-Dangin, F. 'Sketch of a History of the Sexagesimal System.' Osiris VII (1939): 95. 

-----. Textes mathematiques babyloniens transcrits et traduits. Leiden: 1938. 

Vitruvius, Pollio. The Ten Books of Architecture; trans. by M.H. Morgan. Cambridge, MA: 1914. New York, 1960. 

van der Waerden, B.L. Die Astronomie der Pythagoreer. Amsterdam: 1951. 

-----. Science Awakening. Trans. A. Dresen. Groningen: 1954. 

Wellmann, M.A. Cornelius Celsus. Berlin: 1913. 

Whittaker, T. Macrobius; or Philosophy, Science and Letters in the Year 400. Cambridge: 1923. 

Wolfson, H. A. Philo etc. 2 vols. Cambridge, MA: 1947. 

Wright, Thomas. Popular Treatises on Science Written during the Middle Ages in anglo-Saxon etc. London: 1841. 

Zeller, Eduard. Outlines of the History of Greek Philosophy. Ed. Wilhelm Nestle. Trans. L.R. Palmer. 13th ed. New York: Meridian Books, 1955. (Standard systematic survey, first published 1883). 



 Medieval Natural Philosophy

Agricola, Georgius. De re metallica libri XII. Trans. Herbert D. and Lou H. Hoover. New York: 1950. 

Albertus Magnus. Beati Alberti Magni Retisbonensis Episcopi Opera Ominia. Ed. P. Jammy. Lugduni: 1651. 

Allan, D.J. 'Mediaeval versions of Aristotle, De Caelo, and of the Commentary of Simplicius.' MRS ii (1950): 82. 

Arber, A. Herbals. 2 ed. Cambridge: 1938. 

Aristotle, Opera, ed. Academia Regia Borussica. 5 vols. Berlin: 1830-70. 

Arnold, Thomas and Alfred Guillaume, eds. The Legacy of Islam. Oxford: 1931. 

Bacon, Roger. 'Communium naturalium Libri I et II.' Ed Robert Steele. Opera hactenus inedita II-IV. Oxford: 1913. 

-----. Opera hactenus inedita, Ed. J.S. Brewer. Vol I. London: 1859. I. Opus Tertium. II. Opus Minus. III. Compendium Studii Philsophiae. 

-----. The 'Opus Maius.' Ed. John Henry Bridges. 3 vols. Oxford: 1897-1900. 

-----. Tractatus de multiplicatione specierum. In (I) II 405-552. 

C. Baeumker. Roger Bacons Naturphilosophie. Müunster: 1916. 

Beaujouan, Guy. 'Motives and Opportunities for Science in the Medieval Universities.' Scientific Change Ed. A.C. Crombie. London: 1963. 219-236. 

Beede, G. L. Virgil and Aratus; A Study in the Art of Translation. Diss. U of Chicago, 1936. 

Benjamin, Francis S., Jr., and G.J. Toomer. Campanus of Novarra and Medieval Planetary Theory. Madison: 1971. 

Al-Bitruji. On the Principles of Astronomy: An Edition of the Arabic and Hebrew Versions. Ed. and trans. Bernard R. Goldstein. 2 vols. New Haven: 1971. 

Boas, G. 'A Fourteenth-Century Cosmology.' Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 98 (1954): 50-59. 

Boehner, P. Ocklam, Philosophical Writings. Edinburgh: 1957. 

Boutroux, P. 'L'Histoire des principes de la dynamique avant Newton.' Revue de metaphysique et de morale 28 (1921): 657-88. 

Boyer, Carl B. A History of Mathematics. New York, 1968. 

-----. The History of the Calculus and Its Conceptual Development. New York: 1969. 

-----. The Rainbow: From Myth to Mathematics. New York: 1959. 

Bullough, Vern L. The Development of Medicine as a Profession: The Contribution of the Medieval University to Modern Medicine. Basel: 1966. 

Busard, J.L.L. Quelques sujets de l'histoire des mathematiques au moyen age. Paris: 1968. 

Callimachus and Lycophron. Aratus. Trans. by A.W. and G.R. Mair. London: 1921. 

Cardan, Jerome. The First Book of Jerome Cardan's De subtilitate. Trans. M.M. Cass. Williamsport, PA: 1934. 

Carre, Meyrick J. Realists and Nominalists. Oxford: 1966. 

Chenu, M.D., O.P. Nature, Man, and Society in the Welt Century. Trans. Jerome Taylor and Lester K. Little. Chicago: 1968. 

Clagett, ed. Critical Problems in the History of Science. Madison: 1962. 

Clagett, Marshall. Nicole Oresme and the Medieval Geometry of Qualities and Motions. Madison: 1968. 

-----. The Science of Mechanics in the Middle Ages. Madison: 1959. 

-----. 'Some General Aspects of Physics in the Middle Ages.' Isis xxxix (1948): 29. 

Clarke, John. Physical Science in the Time of Nero etc. London: 1910. (Contains a translation of Seneca's Natural Questions with notes by the famous geologist Sir Archibald Geike). 

Coopland, G. W. Nicole Oresme and the Astrologers. Cambridge, MA: 1952. 

Copleston, Frederick. S. J. A History of Philosophy. Vol. 2. 'Augustine to Scotus.' Westminster, MD: 1962. 

Corner, G. W. Anatomical Texts of the Earlier Middle Ages. Washington: 1927. 

Crombie, A.C. Augustine to Galileo. London: 1952. Rpt. Medieval and Early Modern Science. 2 vols. 

-----. 'Quantification in Medieval Physics.' Isis 52 (1961): 143-160. Reprinted in Woolf, Quantification

-----. Robert Grosseteste and the Origins of Experimental Science. 100-1700. Oxford: 1953. 

-----, ed. Scientific Change. London: 1963. 

Cusa, Nicholas of. Of Learned Ignorance. Trans. Germain Heron. New Haven: 1954. 

Dijksterhuis, E. J. The Mechanization of the World Picture. Trans. C. Dikshoorn. Oxford: 1961. 

Drake, Stillman, and I. E. Drabkin, eds. Mechanics in Sixteenth-Century Italy: Selections from Tartaglia, Benedetti, Guido Ubaldo, and Galileo. Madison: 1969. 

Dreyer, J. E. E. A History of Astronomy from Thales to Kepler. New York: 1953. 

-----. 'Medieval Astronomy.' Ed. Charles Singer. Studies in the History and Method of Science 2 (1921): 102-20. 921. 2: 102-20. Toward Modern Science. Ed. R. M. Palter. Vol. 1. 235-56. 

Dugas, Rene. A History of Mechanics. New York: 1955. 

Duhem, Pierre. Le systeme du monde. 10 vols. Paris: 1913-1959. 

Effler, Roy R. John Duns Scotus and the Principle 'Omne quod movetur ab alio movetur.' St. Bonaventure, NY: 1962. 

Favaro, A. Galileo Galilei e l'Inquisizione. Documenti del processo Galileiano..., Firenze: 1907. 

Fisher, N. W. and Sabetai Unguru. 'Experimental Science and Mathematics in Roger Bacon's Thought.' Traditio 27 (1971): 353-378. 

Galilei, Galileo. On Motion and On Mechanics. Trans. E. E. Drabkin and Stillman Drake. Madison: 1960. 

Gilbert, Neal W. Renaissance Concepts of Method. New York: 1960. 

Gilson, Etienne. Reason and Revelation on the Middle Ages. New York: 1938. 

Glover, T.R. Life and Letters in the Fourth Century. Cambridge: 1901. 

Goldstein, B.R. 'The Arabic Version of Ptolemy's Planetary Hypotheses.' Transactions of the American Philosophical Society. 57 (1967): 3-55. 

Grant, Edward. 'Hypotheses in Late Medieval and Early Modern Science.' Daedalus Summer (1962): 599-616. 

-----. 'Late Medieval Thought, Copernicus, and the Scientific Revolution.' Journal of the History of Ideas 23 (1962): 197-220. 

-----. 'Medieval and Seventeenth-Century Conceptions of an Infinite Void Space beyond the Cosmos.' Isis 60 (1969): 39-60. 

-----. 'Motion in the Boid and the Principle of Inertia in the Middle Ages.' Isis 55 (1964): 265-292. 

-----. Nicole Oresme and the Kinematics of Circular Motion. Madison: 1971. 

-----. Physical Science in the Middle Ages. New York: 1971. 

-----. 'Trends and Prospects in the History of Medieval Science.' Unpublished paper. 

von Grunebaum, G.E. Islam: Essays in the Nature and Growth of a Cultural Tradition. Chap. 6: 'Muslim World View and Muslim Science.' 

Garries, K. 'Cusanus and the Platonic Idea.' New Scholasticism 37 (1963): 188-203. 

Hartner, Willy. 'Mediaeval Views on Cosmic Dimensions and Ptolemy's Kitab al-Manshurat.' Mélanges Alexandre Koyré. Vol. 2. Paris: 1964. 254-82. 

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