A Brief Chronology of the Life of Maria Cunitz
DR ROBERT A. HATCH - UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
Early Education - Denied any
form of university education, Cunitz received instruction from her father
during these years. By one tradition she mastered seven languages (Hebrew,
Greek, Latin, German, Polish, Italian, French) and was widely known
for her skills in painting, music, and poetry, not to mention the "masculine"
pursuits of mathematics, medicine, and history. Private correspondence
further shows her continued interest in horoscopes and genealogy.
1627 - 14 December, Maria Cunitz and her husband observe the planet Venus; see UP, 86. Further observations of the planet Jupiter were made in April; see UP, 90.
1630 - Maria Cunitz marries Dr Elias von Löwen (Elie de Loewen; Lewen; Leonibus; d. 1661), a physician at Pitschen in the Duchy of Brieg in Silesia.
- Cunitz publishes her Urania
propitia, sive Tabulae Astronomicae mirè faciles, vim
hypothesium physicarum à Kepplero proditarum complexæ;
facìllimo calculandi compendio, sine ullâ Logaithmorum
mentione, phænomenis satisfacientes... Oels, Johann Seyffert (for
the author), 1650.
1656 - On the evening of 25 May, at 10pm, a fire brokeout that destroyed not only a major part of her city but her home, library, and all of their equipment. Most significantly, at least for historical purposes, the fire also destroyed all of her letters, letters both to and from the major scholars and astronomers of Europe. Further, over 200 of her astronomical observations were lost.
1661 - The husband of Cunitz dies, Dr Elias von Löwen, a physician from Pitschen (Duchy of Brieg) in Silesia.
- Maria Cunitz dies at Pitschen,
22/24 August 1664.
A-G Pingré (1711-1796) - claims
that the Tables of Cunitz represent 'd'un usage plus facile que toutes
celles qui avoiten paru jusqu'alors, mais qui malheureusement ne se
sont point accordées avec le ciel.' Annales célestes,
Edited by G. Bigourdan (Paris 1901).
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