Rulers, Reigns, and Popes



RULERS

  

Great Britain

 

Rulers of England

 

1413-1422                     Henry V

1422-1461                     Henry VI

1461-1483                     Edward IV

     1483                     Edward V

1483-1485                     Richard III

1485-1509                     Henry VII

1509-1547                     Henry VIII

1547-1553                     Edward VI

1553-1558                     Mary

1558-1603                     Elizabeth I

 

 

Rulers of Scotland

 

House of Stuart

 

1371-1390                     Robert II

1390-1406                     Robert III

1406-1437                     James I (1394-1437)

1437-1460                     James II (1430-1460)

1460-1488                     James III (1451-1488)

1488-1513                     James IV (1473-1513)

1528-1542                     James V (1513-1542)

1542-1567                     Mary Stuart (1542-1587)

1567-1625                     James VI

 

Sovereigns

 

1603-1625                     James I [James VI Scotland]

1625-1649                     Charles I

1660-1685                     Charles II

1685-1688                     James II

1689-1702                     William III and Mary

1702-1714                     Anne

1714-1727                     George I

1727-1760                     George II


 

Parliaments

 

James I 1603-25

 

1604-10                 First Parliament

1614                    Addled Parliament

1621                    Business Parliament

1624                    Fourth Parliament

 

Charles I 1625-49

 

1625                    First Parliament

1626                    Second Parliament

1628-9                  Third Parliament

Apr 1640                Short Parliament

Nov 1640-9              Long Parliament

 

Republic 1649-53

 

1649-Apr 1653           Rump of Long Parliament

July-Dec 1653           Barebones Parliament

 

Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell 1653-1658

 

1654-5 First Parliament

1656-8 Second Parliament

 

Protectorate of Richard Cromwell 1658-1659

 

Jan - Apr 1659 Parliament

 

Republic 1659-60

 

May-Oct 1659            Restored Rump

Oct-Dec 1659            Army Rule

Dec 1659-Feb 1660       Rerestored Rump

Feb-Mar 1660            Secluded members added to Rump

Apr-May 1660            Convention Parliament: recalls Charles II

 

Charles II 1660-85

 

May-Dec 1660            Convention Parliament

1661-79                 Cavalier or Pensioner Parliament

Mar-Jul 1679            Third Parliament

1679-81                 Fourth Parliament

Apr-May 1681            Oxford Parliament

 

 

James II 1685-8

 

1685-7                  Parliament

 

Interregnum Dec 1688-Feb.1689

 

Jan-Feb 1689   Convention Parliament: declares William and Mary

sovereigns

 

William III and Mary II 1689-94

 

Feb 1689-Feb 1690       Convention Parliament

1690-5                  Second Parliament

 

William III 1694-1702

 

1695-8                  Third Parliament

1698-9                  Fourth Parliament

Feb-Jul 1701            Fifth Parliament

1701-2                  Sixth Parliament

 

Anne 1702-14

 

1702-5                  First Parliament

1705-8                  Second Parliament

1708-10                 Third Parliament

1710-13                 Fourth Parliament

1713-14                 Fifth Parliament

  

Rulers of Great Britain

 

 

1702-12                       Anne

1710-14                       Anne

1714                          Anne

1714-15                       George I

1715                          George I

1715-17                       George I

1717-18                       George I

1718-21                       George I

1721-27                       George I

1727-42                       George II

1742-43                       George II

1743-44                       George II

1744-46                       George II

1746-54                       George II

1754-56                       George II

1756-57                       George II

 

 

Archbishops of Canterbury

 

1414-1443                     Henry Chichele

1443-1452                     John Stafford

1452-1454                     John Kemp

1454-1486                     Thomas Bourchier

1486-1500                     John Morton

1501-1503                     Henry Deane

1504-1532                     William Warham

1533-1556                     Thomas Cranmer

1556-1558                     Reginald Pole

1559-1575                     Matthew Parker

1576-1583                     Edmund Grindal

1583-1604                     John Whitgift

1604-1610                     Richard Bancroft

1611-1633                     George Abbot

1633-1645                     William Laud

1660-1663                     William Juxon

1663-1677                     Gilbert Sheldon

1678-1690                     William Sancroft

1691-1694                     John Tillotson

1694-1715                     Thomas Tenison

1716-1737                     William Wake

1737-1747                     John Potter

1747-1757                     Thomas Herring


 

Holy Roman Emperors

 

Rulers from Different Houses

 

1400-1410                     Rupert of the Palatinate

1411-1437                     Sigismund; crowned 1433

     

Hapsburg Emperors

 

1438-1439                     Albert II

1440-1493                     Frederick III; crowned 1452

1493-1519                     Maximilian I

1519-1556                     Charles V; crowned 1520

1556-1564                     Ferdinand I

1564-1576                     Maximilian II

1576-1612                     Rudolph II

1612-1619                     Matthias

1619-1637                     Ferdinand II

1637-1657                     Ferdinand III

1658-1705                     Leopold I

1705-1711                     Joseph I

1711-1740                     Charles VI

1742-1745                     Charles VII of Bavaria

 

Hapsburg-Lorraine Emperors

 

1745-1765                     Francis I

1765-1790                     Joseph II

 

King of Bohemia

 

1419-1437                     Sigismund

1438-1439                     Albert of Habsburg

1440-1457                     Vladislav Posthumous

1458-1471                     George of Podebrady

1471-1516                     Vladislav II

1516-1526                     Louis II

1526-1564                     Ferdinand I

1564-1576                     Maximilian I

1576-1612                     Rudolf II

1612-1619                     Mathias

1619-1620                     Frederick of the Palatinate

1619-1637                     Ferdinand II

1637-1657                     Ferdinand III


France

 

Rulers

 

House of Valois

 

1328-1350                     Philip VI

1350-1364                     John II

1364-1380                     Charles V

1380-1422                     Charles VI

1422-1461                     Charles VII

1461-1483                     Louis XI

1483-1498                     Charles VIII

     

Orlans

 

1498-1515                     Louis XII

1515-1547                     Francis I

1547-1559                     Henry II

1559-1560                     Francis II

1560-1574                     Charles IX

1574-1589                     Henry III

1589-1610                     Henry IV

     

House of Bourbon

 

1589-1610                     Henry IV

1610-1643                     Louis XIII

1643-1715                     Louis XIV

1715-1774                     Louis XV

1774-1792                     Louis XVI

     

 

Kings of Prussia

 

1701-1713                     Frederick I

1713-1740                     Frederick William I

1740-1786                     Frederick II the Great

     

Rulers of Russia

 

House of Rurik

 

1462-1505                     Ivan III the Great

1505-1533                     Basil III

1533-1584                     Ivan IV the Terrible

1584-1598                     Fedor I

1598-1605                     Boris Godunov

1605                          Fedor II

1605-1606                     Demetrius

1606-1610                     Basil

{Interregnum, 1610-1613}     

 

House of Romanov

 

1623-1645                     Michael Romanov

1645-1676                     Alexis

1676-1682                     Fedor III

1682-1689                     Ivan V and Peter the Great

1689-1725                     Peter the Great

1725-1727                     Catherine I

1727-1730                     Peter II

1730-1740                     Anna

1740-1741                     Ivan VI

1741-1762                     Elizabeth

     

 

Scandinavian Countries

 

Denmark

 

1387-1397                     Margaret, Queen of Denmark, Norway, and

Sweden

1397-1412                     Margaret and Eric VII of Pomerania

1412-1439                     Eric VII

1439-1440                     Interregnum

1440-1448                     Christopher III

 

 

House of Oldenburg

 

1448-1481                     Christian I

1481-1513                     John

1513-1523                     Christian II

 

Denmark and Norway

 

1523-1533                     Frederick I

1533-1534                     Interregnum

1534-1559                     Christian III

1559-1588                     Frederick II

1588-1648                     Christian IV

1648-1670                     Frederick III

1670-1699                     Christian V

1699-1730                     Frederick IV

1730-1746                     Christian VI

1746-1766                     Frederick V

     

Sweden

 

1412-1439                     Eric XIII

1435-1436                     Engelbrekt

1436-1440                     Karl Knutsson

1440-1448                     Christopher of Bavaria

1448-1457                     Charles VIII

1457-1464                     Christian I of Oldenburg

1464-1465 and                 Charles VIII

1467-1470

1470-1503                     Sten Sture the Elder

1497-1501                     John II

1503-1512                     Svante Sture

1512-1520                     Sten Sture the Younger

1520-1523                     Christian II

  

Vasa Dynasty

 

1521-1523                     Gustavus I {Administrator}

1523-1560                     Gustavus I {King}

1560-1568                     Eric XIV

1568-1592                     John III

1592-1604                     Sigismund

1599-1604                     Charles IX {Regent}

1604-1611                     Charles IX {King}

1611-1632                     Gustavus II

1632-1654                     Christina

     

 

Palatinate Dynasty

 

1654-1660                     Charles X Gustavus

1660-1697                     Charles XI

1697-1718                     Charles XII

1718-1720                     Ulrica Eleanora

1720-1751                     Frederick I of Hesse

     

 

Rulers of Spain

 

1479-1504                     Ferdinand II of Aragon & Isabella of

Castile

1504-1506                     Philip I and Juanna

1506-1516                     Ferdinand V

 

 

House of Hapsburg

 

1516-1556                     Charles I

1556-1598                     Philip II

1598-1621                     Philip III

1621-1665                     Philip IV

1665-1700                     Charles II

     

     

House of Bourbon

 

1700-1724                     Philip V

1724                          Louis I

1724-1746                     Philip V {again}

1746-1759                     Ferdinand VI

     

 

Rulers of Portugal

 

House of Aviz

 

1385-1433                     John

1433-1438                     Edward

1438-1481                     Alfonso V

1481-1495                     John II

1495-1521                     Emanuel

1521-1557                     John III

1557-1578                     Sebastian

1578-1580                     Henry

 

Under Spanish Domination

1580-1598                     Philip I

1598-1621                     Philip II

1621-1640                     Philip III

 

House of Braganza

1640-1656                     John IV

1656-1683                     Alfonso VI

1683-1706                     Peter II

1706-1750                     John V


 

The Netherlands

 

Princes of Orange, Stadholders

 

1579-1584                     William I

1587-1625                     Maurice

1625-1647                     Frederick Henry

1647-1650                     William II

1650-1672                     Stadholdership suspended

1653-1672                     Jan De Witt {Grand Pensionary}

1672-1702                     William of Nassau

1702-1747                     Stadholdership suspended

1747-1751                     William IV

1751-1795                     William V

     

 

Austria

 

1558-1564                     Ferdinand I

1564-1576                     Maximilian II

1572-1608                     Rudolph II

1575-1611                       of Bohemia

 

1608-1619                     Matthias II of Bohemia

1611-1619               

1619-1635                     Ferdinand II

1635-1657                     Ferdinand III

1658-1705                     Leopold I

     

1705-1711                     Joseph I

1711-1740                     Charles III

 

1740-1780                     Maria Theresa

 

 

Rulers of Hungary

 

1437-1439                     Albert

1440-1444                     Wladislas I

1444-1457                     Wladislas {Posthumous}

1458-1490                     Mathias I

1490-1516                     Wladislas II

1516-1526                     Louis II

1526-1540                     John Zapolya

1526-1564                     Ferdinand I

1564-1576                     Maximilian

1576-1608                     Rudolf

1608-1619                     Mathias II

1619-1637                     Ferdinand II

1637-1657                     Ferdinand III

     

 

Rulers of Poland

 

1386-1434                     Wladyslaw II

1434-1444                     Wladyslaw III

1447-1492                     Casimir IV

1492-1501                     John Albert

1501-1506                     Alexander

1506-1548                     Sigismund I

1548-1572                     Sigismund II

1574-1575                     Henry of Valois

1576-1586                     Stephen Bathory

1587-1632                     Sigismund III, Vasa

1632-1648                     Wladyslaw IV

1648-1668                     John Casimir

     

            

 


 


Popes

 


1447-1455   Nicholas V        Tommaso Parentucelli (1397-1455)

1455-1458   Callistus III     Alfonso de Borgia (1378-1458)

1458-1464   Pius II           Enea Silvio Piccolomini (1405-1464)

1464-1471   Paul II           Pietro Barbo (1417-1474)

1471-1484   Sixtus IV         Francesco della Rovere (1414-1484)

1484-1492   Innocent VIII     Giovanni Battista Cibi (1432-1492)   

1492-1503   Alexander VI      Rodrigo de Borja y Borja (1431-1503)

1503        Pius III          Francesco Todeschini [Piccolomini]

                                    (1439-1503)

1503-1513   Julius II         Giuliano della Rovere (1453-1513)

1513-1521   Leo X             Giovanni de' Medici 1475-1521)

1522-1523   Adrian VI         Adrian Florensz [Dedal] (1459-1523)

1523-1534   Clement VII       Giulio de' Medici (1479-1534)

1534-1549   Paul III          Alessandro Farnese (1468-1549)

1550-1555   Julius III        Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte

(1487-1555)

1555        Marcellus II      Marcello Cervini (1501-1555)

1555-1559   Paul IV           Giam Pietro Caraffa (1476-1559)

1559-1565   Pius IV           Giovanni Angelo Medici (1499-1565)

1566-1572   Pius V [Saint]    Antonio Michele Ghislieri (1504-1572)

1572-1585   Gregory XIII      Ugo Boncompagni (1502-1590)

1585-1590   Sixtus V          Felice Peretti (1520-1590)

1590        Urban VII         Giambattista Castagna (1521-1590)

1590-1591   Gregory XIV       Niccoli Sfondrati (1535-1591)

1591        Innocent IX       Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti (1519-1591)

1592-1605   Clement VIII      Ippolito Aldobrandini (1536-1605)

1605        Leo XI            Alesandro Ottaviano de' Medici

(1535-1605)

1605-1621   Paul V            Camillo Borghese (1552-1621)

1621-1623   Gregory XV        Alessandro Ludovisi (1554-1623)

1623-1644   Urban VIII        Maffeo Barberini (1568-1644)

1644-1655   Innocent X        Giambattista Pamfili (1574-1655)

1655-1667   Alexander VII     Fabio Chigi (1599-1667)

1667-1669   Clement IX        Giulio Rospigliosi (1600-1669)

1670-1676   Clement X         Emilio Altieri (1590-1676)

1676-1689   Innocent XI       Benedetto Odescalchi (1611-1689)

1689-1691   Alexander VIII    Pietro Ottoboni (1610-1691)

1691-1700   Innocent XII      Antonio Pignatelli (1615-1700)

1700-1721   Clement XI        Giovanni Francesco Albani (1549-1721)

1721-1724   Innocent XIII     Michelangelo dei Conti (1655-1724)

1724-1730   Benedict XIII     Pietro Francesco Orsini (1649-1730)

1730-1740   Clement XII       Lorenzo Corsini (1652-1740)

1740-1758   Benedict XIV      Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini (1675-1758)