INR 3102
Review List - Second Exam

Operation Enduring Freedom                           nuclear deterrence

protectionism                                                      UNSCOM (United Nations Special Commission)

ethnic conflict                                                     World Trade Organization (WTO)

weapons of mass destruction (WMD)             hegemony

democratic enlargement                                     "hawks" - neoconservatives

OPEC                                                                     Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT)

Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)                     End of Cold War (U.S. triumphalism vs. Russian reformism)

Group of Seven (G-7)                                         Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)

Bush Doctrine                                                     Congress and foreign policy

Carter Doctrine                                                    Clinton's "pactomania"

American principles  (Kennan)                        Most Favored Nation status (MFN)

bipolarity                                                             multipolarity

unipolarity                                                           NATO expansion

European Union (EU)                                         Collective security

U.S. trade policy

U.S. Trade Representative (USTR)                  geoeconomics

War Powers Resolution                                     preventive defense

unilateralism                                                         multilateralism

NAFTA                                                                 isolationism

liberalism                                                                 Realism

public opinion and foreign policy                     Operation Joint Endeavor

national interests (4 P's)                              Weinberger Doctrine

National Security Council (NSC)                         Operation Restore Hope

humanitarianism                                                 Rosenau's 5 source variables (review them again)

bipartisanship                                                     Operation Desert Sheild/Storm

Operation Allied Force                                      Operation Restore Democracy

Dayton Accords                                         National Security Policy - 5 strategies

START I, II, III                                                    Operation Enduring Freedom

U.S. - Russian relations                                     U.S. - Chinese relations

integration vs. fragmentation (Gaddis

 2002 National Security Strategy document

realism VS moralism

Read Spanier and Hook's chapters 8-14. Use the list as review and go over the basic conceptual and policy thrusts of Spanier and Hook's examination of foreign policy since Reagan.

Typical Short Answer Issues:

How did President Clinton silence congressional criticisms of the WTO’s power?

Describe the variations in public support for military intervention in terms of the missions of such interventions.

What are the basic features of the Bush Doctrine?

What does John Lewis Gaddis argue should be the emphasis on U.S. foreign policy in the aftermath of the end of bipolarity and the demise of the USSR?

What difficulties complicate the “Russia as Friend” scenario of the U.S. - Russia relationship after the Cold War?

What is fast-track authority and why has Congress given it to the President?

What are the three main areas of U.S. trade policy?

Explain what keeps the U.S. - China relationship from getting too adversarial?

What is the military-industrial-congressional complex referred to in the video on defense spending?

How is the 2002 National Security Strategy document similar to the draft by Paul Wolfowitz from 1992?

Potential Essay Questions:

Your assignment as a foreign policy advisor is to argue for U.S. intersts defined in terms of ONE of the four P's: peace, prosperity, power or principle. What costs are involved? What tradeoffs will be required in terms of the other priorities (other P's)?


The Bush Doctrine represents a strategic shift in U.S. security outlooks. Discuss the main features of this approach and explain how certain elements are controversial and why.


Briefly describe the 5 Grand Strategies discussed in the handout about U.S. security policy. Which is the most practical approach? Defend your answer.


Discuss the major diplomatic, logistical and political factors overcome by George Bush as he committed U.S. troops to Operations Desert Storm and Desert Shield, giving adequate attention to public opinion, Congress, foreign powers, and the U.S. military.


President Clinton was not successful in fully implementing his different foreign policy perspective. Explain the guidelines and the constraints that pulled him back toward the center as he tried to move policy in his preferred direction  (Democratic enlargement - geoeconomics?).