History of Currency



Dante, Chaucer, and the Currency of the Word:
Money, Images, and Reference in Late Medieval Poetry

R. A. Shoaf

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In Memoriam Paul G. Ruggiers

Copyright © and Published 1983 (Pilgrim Books): Postprint 1995.

This version copyright © R. A. Shoaf: may be read or copied without prior permission for any noncommercial use. Quotation and citation permitted with attribution. (NB: Links will be added regularly; hence it will be better to point to this site than to attempt any copying/ mirroring/etc.)

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Volume Epigraph



Epigraphs: Introduction

Introduction: The Discourse of Man "By Nature a Political Animal"

Part One: Dante's Commedia and the Promise of Reference

Epigraphs: Part One

One Introduction: Narcissus and the Poet

Two Narcissus Damned, or the Failure of Reference (Inferno 30)

Three Narcissus Purged, or the Renewal of Reference (Purgatorio 30)

Four Narcissus Redeemed, or Transference Crowns Reference (Paradiso 30)

Part Two: Troilus and Criseyde and the "Falsing" of the Referent

Epigraphs: Part Two

Five A brief Visit to The House of Fame

Six Criseyde

Seven Troilus

Eight Pandarus

Nine The Narrator

Part Three: The Canterbury Tales and the Ethics of Reference

Epigraphs: Part 3

Ten Introduction: Fragment A and the Versions of the Household

Eleven The Wife of Bath and the Mediation of "Privitee"

Twelve The Merchant and the Parody of Creation

Thirteen The Pardoner and the Word of Death


Epigraphs: Epilogue


Bibliography (1983)

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