Gibbon's Notes, Chapter 1


1. Dion Cassius{B}, (l. liv. p. 736.), with the annotations of Reymar, who has collected all that Roman vanity has left upon the subject. The marble of Ancyra, on which Augustus recorded his own exploits, asserts that he compelled the Parthians to restore the ensigns of Crassus. {V} Back

2. Strabo, (l. xvi. p. 780.) Pliny, the elder (Hist. Natur. l. vi. c. 32. 35.) and Dion Cassius (l. liii. p. 723. and l. liv. p. 734.) have left us very curious details concerning these wars. The Romans made themselves masters of Mariaba, or Merab, a city of Arabia Felix, well known to the Orientals (see Abulfeda and the Nubian geography p. 52). They were arrived within three days journey of the Spice country, the rich object of their invasion. Back

3. By the slaughter of Varus and his three legions. See the first book of the Annals of Tacitus. Sueton. in August. c. 23, and Velleius Paterculus, l. ii. c. 117, &c.; Augustus did not receive the melancholy news with all the temper and firmness that might have been expected from his character. Back

3*. [Additional note added by Gibbon in B. L. copy C60 M1]
Incertum metû an per invidiam (Tacit. Annal. I. 11) Why must rational advice be imputed to a base or foolish motive? To what cause, error, malevolence or flattery shall I ascribe this unworthy alternative? Was the historian dazzled by Trajan's conquests? Back

4. Tacit. Annal. l.ii. Dion Cassius, l. lvi. p. 833, and the speech of Augustus himself, in Julian's Cæsars. It receives great light from the learned notes of his French translator, M. Spanheim. Back