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on the Western Toyshelf
Essays and a catalogue of images
books, photographs, etc).
on Furisode and Yamato-ningyo (children in traditional costume)
Dolls includes a color picture of a big baby from 1899 and a really
ugly haihai doll probably from the 19th century, as well as a group picture
of many ichimatsu.
--this site is in Japanese text, but shows the ancient forms of the amagatsu
doll (a bamboo cross with a head) and the cloth hoko doll, which were made
for children to protect them, as well as a modern ichimatsu with all accessories.
Whyel's Museum of Doll Art
--On the first page of the gallery, a charming 1920s boy Ichimatsu ningyo.
Dolls representing babies and children:
ichimatsu, daki, haihai
in traditional costume can be found in several shapes and sizes, from an
inch or so to three feet tall.
with dolls is referred to in the Tale
of Genji from the first century of this millenium, though the dolls
in question seem to have been small adult dolls in "dollhouses." made by
arranging screens and miniature furniture. Doll play is presented as appropriate
for little girls.
dolls were made to represent children in order to provide a distraction
for any evil spirits that might wish to harm the child. Such dolls, probably
constructed like a bamboo cross with a head attached, are also mentioned
in the Tale of Genji, and another protective type of doll, the hoko
(made from a stuffed square of silk, with a head added) was made up until
the 20th century. One may still find variations of them (e.g. monkey dolls
or saru-bobo, red in color).
representing children or adults, jointed and ready to be dressed and undressed,
are depicted in woodcuts from the 18th century; They seem to have been
treasured possessions of the girls and women of the "pleasure quarters."
are called by several names: "Ichimatsu ningyo" from the name of
a popular actor (he wore checked clothing because his name also meant "checked"),
ningyo" ("huggable doll") for a baby doll, "Furisode
ningyo" from the long-sleeved kimono worn by a little girl, or "Yamato
ningyo" (truly Japanese doll) to distinguish them from the blue-eyed
babies imported from the West. A doll representing a child in a vignette
of play (in a fixed position) might be called a "warabe ningyo"
("child doll") though that term could apply to many types of dolls.
dolls include also the "haihai" or crawling baby; these used to
be naked but are now often elaborately clothed and hold rattles. There
is also the "izumeko" doll, a baby tucked into a basket with a group
of toys pinned to the cover to amuse him (he is usually a boy). If the
basket is very deep and round, the baby's head poking out may make him
look like a hina daruma, or daruma doll with a "princess" face. (He
may also look like a pincushion, but might not appreciate being used that
with five-piece strung bodies and charming expressions are also often found
in American antique shops; the oldest of these seem to date from the 1930s
(most of them from 1945 or later), they and often have cry boxes in their
tummies and "made in Japan" stickers indicating they were intended for
most prized play doll is the "mitsu-ore"
(3-fold) type, which may be adult or child, a boy or a girl (antique or
modern ones are often " anatomically correct"), usually jointed at knees
and hips and perhaps the ankles as well so that it can be put into a kneeling
position; the most elaborate ones are all wood, with hollow thighs to stabilize
the kneeling position, but others have cloth joints. The dolls are
finished in gofun and dressed in several layers of clothes, sometimes with
various accessories made to scale. Boy ningyo may have painted hair or
wigs with a painted "shave"; girls have wigs, often with a pretty bun on
the late 19th century dolls of this general type became very popular in
the West, and were exported from Japan; often the construction was inferior,
with cotton or paper clothing, hair that fell out, and paper joints,
but these dolls may have great charm. A wonderful example, with the history
of the Japanese influence on European doll manufacturing, is a Study
Doll at DollsDotCom.