Review Sheet for Exam I
The exam will take place in the regular classroom and will begin
promptly at the start of class. You will have the full class period to
complete the exam, but probably will not need it. N.B. Points will be
deducted from your test if you fail to write in complete sentences.
You Are Responsible for the Following Readings:
These Were the Romans pp. 1-42
Livy, The Early History of Rome
Part I: Short Answer Questions (50%)
Here are 15 topics you have learned about in your reading of These Were
The Romans, Livy, and in class lectures. You will be given 11 of the
following 15 questions and asked to write 2-3 sentences in answer to 10
of them. More credit will be given to answers that contain specific
details than vague generalizations.
How did the Etruscans influence the development of early Rome?
What are the distinctive features of a Republic?
Who was Cincinnatus and why was he a model Roman?
How did the geography of Italy affect Roman history?
Why did the Romans, rather than the Greeks or Etruscans, become the
masters of Italy?
Define the term “paterfamilias” and explain his powers and
Who was Mucius Scaevola? Why is his story important to the Romans?
Define “patrician” and “plebeian” and explain the difference between
the two social classes.
Who was Servius Tullius, what did he accomplish, and how did he die?
What were the powers and responsibilities of the Senate in the 2nd C BC?
Draw a graffito of a gladiatorial fight and an explanation of how you
can tell who the opponents were and who fought.
Tell the story of the rape of the Sabine women.
What was the Comitia Plebus?
Why is the Capitoline hill so important to the Romans?
Who was Cloelia and why was she so admired by the enemy?
Part II: Essay Question (50%)
You will see two of the following four questions on the exam. You will
be asked to choose one of the two questions and you will be expected to
write a coherent essay that uses evidence from the class lectures and
texts we have read. Expect to use 3-4 pages to answer the question.
More credit will be given to answers that contain specific details than
vague generalizations. Example of a vague answer: “Appius Claudius was
a hero because he did heroic stuff.” Instead, give concrete evidence to
support your answer and tell why Appius Claudius’s story is significant
for our understanding of Roman culture.
In an essay on Roman political development, explain how the Romans
tried to protect the community from abuse of power by individuals. How
successful were they? What happened to Romans who abused their
power as leaders?
Choose two examples of human sacrifice in the early history of
Rome. How does Livy portray each event/sacrifice? Why is
each sacrifice necessary, i.e. what trail of events does each story set
in motion? What is the importance of each story to later
generations of Romans?
The story of the Horatii and the Curatii and Horatia has significance
in multiple ways for the Romans. Explain the significance of this
story, paying special attention to Roman martial prowess and ideas
about Roman women.
Explain how the growth of Rome (religious, political and social) can be
attributed to the Romans’ ability to demonstrate a certain amount of
tolerance and acceptance for non-Roman peoples and their ideas.