Afghanistan: at the crossroads of empires

Announcements:

Please complete the exit survey ASAP, by Tuesday at the latest.

Reading journals due in section tomorrow.

Final papers due in class on Tuesday.

afg

 

Introduction

I. Geography and Early History

Hindu Kush mtns

Pashtu-speaking Pashtuns
(Durranis/Abdalis and Ghilzais)

Turkic-speaking peoples
(Tajiks, Uzbeks, Hazaras, Turkmen)

Pamir mtns

Central Asian Steppe

Iranian Plateau

 

gateway for invaders

Moghuls (1504-1857)

Babur

Ahmad Shah Abdali/ Durrani (1722-1772)

durrani

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

II. A Nineteenth-century Cold War

Russian expansionism

the Great Game

Crimean War (1853-1856)

russian empire

great

 

III. The North-west Frontier, Afghanistan, and the British Empire

A. the North-west Frontier

Sind (1843)

Punjab (1846-1849)

Baluchistan (1879)

B. Anglo-Afghan Wars

Barakzai dynasty

Dost Mohammad Khan (r 1823-1839)

dost

1. First Afghan War (1839-1842)

Khandahar, Ghazni, Kabul

Jagdallak Pass

 

Russian expansion 1860s and 1870s

 

2. Second Afghan War (1879-80)

intrigues and assassinations

Abdur Rahman Khan (r 1880-1901)

abdur

the Durand Line [map] [Newsweek article]

Pashtunistan

 

Anglo-Russian Entente (1907)

 

3. Third Afghan War (1919)

 

IV. Afghanistan and the 20th-c Cold War

Sardar Mohammed Daoud (president 1973-1978)

crackdown on Islamic fundamentalists

coup and civil war 1978

Mujahedin insurgency

Soviet invasion 1979

1979-1990: c. 1,000,000 dead; c. 3,000,000 refugees to Pakistan