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|HIS 3460:||Office: Flint 225|
|Dr. Gregory||T 4th; R 4-5th.; or by appt|
| In 1948 the theologian
Paul Tillich put together a collection of sermons that became a well known
entitled The Shaking of the Foundations. Tillich was offering,
his standpoint as an existential theologian, a response to modernism's
failure to confront the human dilemma. In his own way Tillich was
to rescue religious meaning in the face of the nihilism that seemed to
confront humankind at every turn.
But how did we get to this point? A major contributing factor in the history of the West has been without question the mutual influence of science and religion as both have developed especially since the seventeenth century. As scientists have gained increasingly impressive knowledge about the workings of the physical and biological worlds the question of whether religious meaning includes meaning that resides in nature itself has been judged as problematical. Many have concluded that, as John Dillenberger has put it, the vertical dimension between God and nature has been broken.
In this course we will investigate points in Western history where the focused involement of science and religion has been decisive for the future development of their interaction. Beginning with a period in which the relation between God and the world was not problematical we will proceed to the eighteenth century, when that relation was placed into question. We will then inquire about the reasons why a so-called scientific worldview, from which spirit was banished, was not able to remain unchallenged and why, in our own century, a religious understanding of nature flourishes.
at Goerings Book Store.
1. Ian Barbour, When Science Meets Religion
2. David Lindberg and Ronald Numbers, eds. When Christianity and Science Meet
3. John Hedley Brooke, Science and Religion: Some Historical Reflections
4. Websites as indicated in syllabus below.\
Each student has been assigned to a team in the list below. (It is possible to switch with another person, but I must be notified in writing by a note signed by both parties.) The members of each team should meet well in advance of the presentation date to decide how the topic will be divided and coordinated. Clicking on the topic in the list will identify issues associated with the topic and some general sources. These sources should be divided among team members according to the individual presentations.
Every student has also been assigned to a cross examining team. Responsibilities here include framing questions to panel members after all have presented and then handing in the questions posed after class.
. On the day of the presentation the team will be responsible for conducting the class for one period. Each person will make an 8-10 minute presentation on an issue associated with the topic, answering any questions that may arise, first from the cross examiners and then from the class. In conjunction with the preparation for his or her issue, individual team members will hand in a 4-5 page typed, double-spaced paper, with a bibliography of sources included. Sources shoud include those provided for the topic, supplemented by others. No more than 75% of the sources should come from the web. (Articles published in journals that are online count as non-web sources.)
Criteria of evaluation include: effectiveness in identifying issue clearly, knowledge of issue, communication skill, orally and in writing.
List of presentations
|Date due||Topic and presenters||Cross examiners||Date due||Topic and presenters||Cross examiners|
|Sep 11||1. Reason and Revelation||Nov 6||6. Cosmology and Religion|
|Daniel Babin||Jonathan Fish||Jonathan Fish||Courtney Weisman|
|Gary Beemer||Sandon Stevens||Starr Elliot||Brian Wenzel|
|Alissa Bell||Lydia Epple||Joseph Ely||Chris Vanlandingham|
|Chris Brecht||Jaye Madden||Aileen Rieck||Greg Hunsucker|
|Sep 20||2. Galileo and the Church||Nov 8v 1||7. The Scopes Trial|
|Joshua Jones||Aileen Rieck||Sandon Stevens||Katrina Reinke|
|Jennifer Kinser||Stephanie Schroeder||Lydia Epple||Jennifer Kinser|
|Andy Plyler||Jennifer Shorstein||Jaye Madden||Evan Kell|
|Brian Deligero||Greg Hunsucker|
|Sep 27||3. Newton and Religion||Nov 13||8. The Rise of Creationism|
|Gillian Kartzinel||Lacey Chapa||Cliff Stoner||Jacquelyn Tumminello|
|Nghi Lam||Maha Kashan||Stephanie Schroeder||Ryan McNay|
|Christina Steppi||Sahil Modi||Jennifer Shorstein||Michelle Myrick|
|Samantha Passman||Brian Deligero||Nicole Arduengo|
|Oct 9||4. The Classical Argument from Design||Nov 20||9. God (and Religion) as the Problem|
|Daniel Babin||Jacob Harper|
|Michelle Myrick||Gary Beemer||Evan Kell||Starr Elliott|
|Oct 25||5. Darwin's religion||Nov 29||10. Intelligent Design|
|Lacey Chapa||Jacob Harper||Jacquelyn Tumminello||Joseph Ely|
|Maha Kashan||Harrison Diamond||Christo Vanlandingham||Nghi Lam|
|Sahil Modi||Cliff Stoner||Brian Wenzel||Christina Steppi|
|Samantha Passman||Andy Plyler||Courtney Weisman||Joshua Jones|
|Explanation of the discussion forum will be
given in class, but, to avoid a penalty of 1/3 letter grade per week,
you should subscribe to the listserv (i.e., complete items 1 and 2
6 September as follows:
1. Send an email to
with a message body of subscribe.
not put anything in the Subject line.
This action subscribes you at whatever email address you are using (so
don't use a friend's account to subscribe). You will receive back
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|Grades are determined from a
(35%), presentation (15%), cross examination (5%), class participation (5%), discussion forum
(5%), and the cumulative
Acceptable and unacceptable excuses:
Acceptable excuses for missing a quiz or an exam must be submitted within 2 class meetings of the date of last absence. They must be legitimately documented, written, and possible for the instructor to verify independently. If an absence is due to a visit to the infirmary, please make sure that the person signing the slip indicates the time of day of your visit in the same ink and handwriting as the signature.
Unacceptable excuses include:
2) ignorance of quiz/exam date
3) excuses not properly documented
4) non-documentable excuses
History of Science and Religion
|Aug 23||Introduction to the course|
|Introductions of class members
|Overview of course: Discussion
Reading: Begin Ian Barbour, When Science Meets Religion, Chapter 1
|Aug 28||Continued general introduction
"The Soul of the Universe"
|Reading: Ian Barbour, When Science Meets Religion, Chapters 2-5|
|Aug 30||General considerations continued|
|Reading: Barbour, Chapter 6|
|Sep 4||General historiographical considerations|
Brooke, SR, Introduction + Chapter 1
Lindberg and Numbers, CSM, Introduction
|Sep 6||Science in antiquity|
|1. Frederick Gregory, "Science
and Religion in Western History" Read "Introduction" and section on
"Antiquity and the Middle Ages"
2. David Lindberg, "Science and the Early Christian Church," Isis , Vol. 74, No. 4 (Dec., 1983), pp. 509-530 Available through JSTOR as E-Journal. Use the E-Journals Locator link under the Journals link on the UF Library Home Page.
|Sep 11||Science in the Middle Ages
Team 1 Presentation: Reason and Revelation
Lindberg and Numbers, WCSM, Chapter 1
|Sep 13||Scientific Revolution|
2. Brooke, SR, Chapters 2, 3 (up to section on Galileo and Wilkins)
3. Tycho Brahe
4. Brooke, SR, Finish Chapter 3
|Sep 20||Team 2 Presentation: Galileo and the Church|
|Sep 25||Newton's achievement|
1. Brooke, SR, Chapter 4
2. Lindberg and Numbers, WCSM, Chapter 3
|Sep 27||Team 3 Presentation: Newton and religion|
|Read Newton and Leibniz|
|Oct 2||Seeds of heresy in the 17th century|
1. Excerpts from Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan We will read 1) Chapter V, 2) the last portion of Chapter VIII, and 3) Chapter 31.
2. Benedictus Spinoza, "Concerning God," from Ethics This link takes you to the beginning of the "Definitions." Starting here read through the definitions, axioms and then Propositions 1-36
|Oct 4||Doubts About the Glorification of Reason|
1. Brooke, SR, Chapter 5.
2. Lindberg and Numbers, WCSM, Chapter 4
2. Excerpts from Voltaire, Candide Read Chapters 1-5, 28-30.
|Oct 9||Team 4 Presentation: The Classical Argument from Design|
1. Excerpts from David Hume, Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion Read Parts 2-9.
2. I. Kant, "General Observation on Miracles," from Religion within the Limits of Reason Alone Scroll down to the section titled "General Observation" (just before the "Notes" at the end) and read to end.
3. John Ray
4. Brooke. Chapter 6
|Oct 16||MID Term
Click here for review list
Artist Rinde Eckert
will be performed in the Black Box Theatre of the
Lindberg and Numbers, WCSM, Chapters 5-6
|Oct 23||Darwin I|
1. Brooke, SR, Chapters 7-8
2.. Excerpt from Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species. Read section entitled "Summary of Chapter" at the end of the website
|Oct 25||Team 5 Presentation: Darwin's religious position|
Lindberg and Numbers, WCSM, Chapters 7-8
|Oct 30||Religion, physical science in the 19th century, and the breakdown of realism|
Optional: Thomas De Quincy on Lord Rosse's telescope (Read only SYSTEM OF THE HEAVENS AS REVEALED BY LORD ROSSE'S TELESCOPES)
|Nov 1||No class
|Nov 6||Team 6 Presentation: Cosmology and Religion|
1. Cosmology and religion (Click on the fourth "topic set" from the list at the right: "Big Bang cosmology and theology" and read all "related book topics")
|Nov 8||Team 7 Presentation: The Scopes Trial|
1. Lindberg and Numbers, WCSM, Chapters 11-12
2. Brooke, SR, Postscript.
|Nov 13||Team 8 Presentation: The Rise of Creationism|
Lindberg and Numbers, WCSM, Chapter 11
Numbers: Creationism (Read all topics)
|Nov 15||Religion and quantum theory (cont.)|
|Nov 20||Team 9 Presentation: God (and Religion) as the Problem|
Timothy Weiskel, In Dust and Ashes
|Nov 22||No class. Thanksgiving break.|
|Nov 27||The challenge of Postmodernism: Guest speaker- Dr. Richard Horner|
Frederick Gregory, Waging Gihad, Western Style
|Nov 29||Team 10 Presentation: Intelligent Design (4 printouts of Listserv contributions due in class)|
|Dec 4||Reviewn of reviews from Round 8. Round 8 reviews due at class time. Summary and review|
|Dec 12||Final examination: Monday, December 10 at 12:30 P.M. in the classroom|