PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION THEORY
Office: 218 Anderson
Course Web Page: http://www.clas.ufl.edu/users/dhedge/patheory.html
Office Hours: M,W 9:00-10:30 and by appt
PAD 6108 is an introduction to public bureaucracies and the people who study them. Over the next few weeks, we will examine many of the major writings and analyses on bureaucracy, primarily as it operates in the U.S. Students should leave the course with a sense of a) some of the ethical, political, and administrative issues faced by public administrators and their superiors; b) how (and why) bureaucracies operate in America; and c) how bureaucracies interact with the larger political and private environments in which they serve.
The course proceeds off a number of assumptions concerning the role of the administrative sector in society. In Democracy and the Public Service (1968: 1), Frederick C. Mosher maintains that:
1. governmental decisions and behavior have tremendous influence upon the nature and development of our society, our economy, and our policy;
2. the great bulk of decisions and actions taken by governments are determined or heavily influenced by bureaucratic officials, most of whom are appointed, not elected;
3. the kinds of decisions and actions these officials take depend upon their capabilities, their orientations, and their values; and
4. these attributes depend heavily upon their backgrounds, their training and education, and their current associations.
In addition, recent research and analysis suggest a fifth premise:
5. the actions and behaviors of administrators and bureaucracies are also conditioned (albeit imperfectly) by their larger political and economic environment.
Class time will be spent reviewing the week's readings. While the readings are often extensive, I expect them to be read (and on time) and I expect you to be prepared to summarize, critique, and draw implications from each of the assigned readings (you will be asked to write a brief 1-2 page reaction paper most weeks). My role will simply be to guide the discussion. I do not intend to lecture.
Both the midterm and final paper require you to synthesize some of the major analysis in the field (more on this later). In addition, you will participate in a group project that examines a particular policy/administration situation. Each student will also participate in a classroom debate. Both of the latter exercises entail a written and oral component.
Grades are apportioned as follows:
35% -- Final
35% -- Midterm (take home)
15% -- Group Project
15% -- Class Discussion (including reaction papers) and Debate
Late papers/assignments are accepted only in rare and deserving cases, at the discretion of the instructor, and subject to a grading penalty. I normally do not give incompletes.
Students are expected to comply with UF's Academic Honesty
Guidelines . Students who commit an act of
academic dishonesty will suffer the appropriate sanction.
The Course Web Page
I have created a web page for this course at the address listed above. It includes this syllabus and other information about the course.
Charles T. Goodsell, The New Case for
Bureaucracy CQ Press, 2015.
Herbert Kaufman, The Forest Ranger Baltimore, Maryland: John Hopkins University Press, 1960.
Marissa Golden. What Motivates Bureaucrats? Politics and Administration During the ReaganYears. New York:Columbia University Press, 2000.
Additional readings have been placed on reserve ® in the graduate student room on the 3rd floor of Anderson Hall and others are available through JSTOR.
Course Outline, Schedule, and
OVERVIEW (4 weeks)
August 22-- Introduction to the Course
August 29-- The Case for (against) Bureaucracy
Charles Goodsell. 2015. The New Case for Bureaucracy. ALL
September 5-- Theories of Organizations: The Classics
David H. Rosenbloom. 1983. "Public Administration Theory and the Separation of Powers." Public Administration Review. (May, June): 219-227. JSTOR
Brian R. Fry. 2008. "Introduction." Mastering Public Administration. (Chatham House) pp. 1-14. ®
Nicholas Henry. 1989. "The Threads of Organization Theory." in Public Administration and Public Affairs . ®
Brian R. Fry. 2008. "Max Weber." Mastering
Public Administration . pp. 15-46. ®
September 12 -- Theories of Organizations: Recent Classics
Terry M. Moe. 1984. "The New Economics of
American Journal of Political Science.
Fry. 2008. "Herbert Simon: A Decision Making
Perspective." Mastering Public Administration. pp.
September 26 -- The Individual and the OrganizationSelden, Sally. 1997. Chapter 1, pp 3-9 and Chapter 3 in The Promise of Representative Bureaucracy. Armonk NY: ME Sharpe.
Michael Lipsky. 1976. "Toward a Street-Level Bureaucracy." in Hawley et al., Theoretical Perspectives on Urban Politics . (Prentice-Hall). ®
etal. 1997. Chapter 8, "Work Motivations."
in Organization Theory, Wadsworth.
Schram, Joe Soss, Richard Fording, and Linda Houser. 2009
"Race, Choice, and Punishment at the Frontlines of
Welfare." American Sociology Review.
Keiser, Lael. 2010. "Understanding Street Level Bureaucrats Decision Making," Public Administration Review. 70 (02) pp.247-57. JSTOR
October 3 -- The Individual and the Organization
Herbert Kaufman. 1960. The Forest Ranger . ALL.
Terry J. Tipple and J. Douglas
Wellman. 1991. "Herbert Kaufman's Forest Ranger 30 Years
Simplicity and Homogeneity to Complexity and Diversity." Public AdministrationReview. pp. 421+. JSTOR
Debate # 1
Resolved: State and local governments should be required to vigorously pursue affirmative action efforts on behalf of women and minorities including hiring quotas and minority set asides.
October 10-- The Structure of Organizations: Hierarchy and it Alternatives
Gortner et al. Chapter 4, "Organizational Structure and Design." Organization Theory. ®
Karen M. Hult and Charles Walcott.
1989. "Organizational Design as Policy Analysis." Policy Studies
Journal. pp. 469-494. JSTOR
Debate #2 (Drug Testing in the
Resolved: Public employees should be subject to
drug testing as a condition for the receipt and
maintenance of employment.
October 17 -- The Structure of Organizations: Going Outside the Public Sector
John E. Chubb and Terry M. Moe.
1988. "Politics, Markets, and the Organization of
Political Science Review . 82:1065-1089. JSTOR
Demetra Nightingale and Nancy Pindus.
1997. "Privatization of Public Social Services."
Carol Da Vito and Sarah Wilson. 2001. "Faith-Based
Initiatives: Sacred Deeds and Secular Dollars."
Donald M. Van Slyke. 2003. "The Mythology of
Privatization in Contracting for Social Services," Public Administration
(May/June) 63: 296-315. JSTOR
Jonathon G.S. Koppell. 2003. Ch. 1-3.
The Politics of Quasi-Government Hybrid Organizations and
the Dynamics of Bureaucratic Control. Cambridge University
October 31 -- Decision Making in Organizations
Gortner et al. Chapter 7, "Organizational Decision Making." Organization Theory. ®
BUREAUCRACIES AND THEIR POLITICAL ENVIRONMENTS (2 Weeks)
November 7 - Bureaucratic
Responsibility: An Overview
Michael Nelson. 1982. "A Short Ironic
History of American National Bureaucracy." Journal of Politics
November 14 -- Political Control of the Bureaucraccy